(名詞) 神經法律學。亦寫成 neuro-law。
這是一門新興的學問，旨在研究神經科學 (neuroscience) 上的發現對法律規則與標準的影響，換言之，就是研究在司法體系中應用神經科學證據和理論的原理與實務。神經法律的原理與實務將是未來司法辦案的趨勢，因為它強調的是用科學辦案、用大腦蒐證。
But what about people who rape and murder — should we feel empathy for them? Should they be allowed to argue in court that their brains made them do it? Enter the new world of "neurolaw" — in which neuroscience is used as evidence in the courtroom.
—Barbara Bradley Hagerty, "A Neuroscientist Uncovers A Dark Secret," NPR, June 29, 2010
The extent of that revolution is hotly debated, but the influence of what some call neurolaw is clearly growing. ... Proponents of neurolaw say that neuroscientific evidence will have a large impact not only on questions of guilt and punishment but also on the detection of lies and hidden bias, and on the prediction of future criminal behavior.
—Jeffrey Rosen, "The Brain on the Stand," The New York Times, March 11, 2007