Atlantic diet

(名詞/單數) 大西洋飲食 - 一種以西班牙西北部和葡萄牙典型食物為主的飲食方式。

引句:
The "Atlantic diet" — what some experts are calling a variation on Mediterranean eating — is getting some buzz after a study found adherents to the diet had a significantly lower risk of chronic health problems. One of the main differences between the Atlantic diet and the Mediterranean diet is that the Atlantic version incorporates more brassicas, which is a family of vegetables that includes turnip greens, turnips, kale, cabbage and cauliflower.
[washingtonpost.com, 19 February 2024]

繼一項研究的結果公布之後,「大西洋飲食」 — 一些專家稱之為地中海飲食的變體 — 引起了一些熱議。該項研究發現,堅持這種飲食的人罹患慢性健康問題的風險大幅降低。大西洋飲食和地中海飲食之間的主要差異之一是,大西洋飲食包含較多的蕓薹屬植物,這是一種蔬菜科,包括青蘿蔔、蕪菁 (或大頭菜)、羽衣甘藍、包心菜和花椰菜。

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popcorn brain

(名詞/不可數) 爆米花腦 - 一種心理狀況,即某人無法將心思和注意力集中在任何事情上,這被認為是由於在社交媒體上花費太多時間所造成。

引句:
A psychologist has warned against scrolling on your phone and ending up with "popcorn brain". Yup, popcorn brain. You may already feel like your head is filled with soup – it only having taken two months of 2024 to burn you out – but now you should also worry about your brain popping like pieces of corn according to one psychologist.
[unilad.com, 20 February 2024]

一名心理學家警告不要滑手機,否則最終將導致「爆米花腦」。沒錯,就是爆米花腦。你可能已經覺得自己的腦袋裡好像灌滿了湯 — 2024 年僅僅過了兩個月就讓你筋疲力盡了 — 但一名心理學家表示,現在你也應該擔心你的大腦會像玉米粒一樣爆開。

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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OMAD

(名詞/單數) 一天吃一餐 ("one meal a day" 的縮寫) - 這是目前流行的數種間歇性斷食法 (intermittent fasting) 之一。

引句:
OMAD is an extreme fasting diet. As the name suggests, it involves eating just one big meal a day, with fasting or very minimal eating in between. The key focus of this kind of diet is weight control and simplicity. But while fasting itself isn't new, the research on its health impacts is still in its infancy and there are very few studies on OMAD and the evidence supporting other more periodic types of fasting can't necessarily be extrapolated into extreme fasting.
[sciencefocus.com, 25 May 2023]

OMAD 是一種極端的斷食減重法。顧名思義,它就是每天只吃一頓大餐,兩餐之間禁食或吃很少的食物。這種斷食法的重點是控制體重和簡化生活。但是,儘管斷食本身並不新穎,但有關它對健康影響的研究仍處於初步階段,而且有關 OMAD 的研究也很少;至於支持其他週期性 (即間歇性) 斷食類型的證據未必能被推斷為極端的斷食。

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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looksmaxxing

(名詞/不可數) 外表吸引力最大化 - 男人 (通常) 透過整形手術使自己盡可能有吸引力的行動或作法。這個字是動詞 looksmaxx 的動名詞。

引句:
Looksmaxxing has existed for at least a decade, but has exploded in recent months from obscure forums and Reddit pages into mainstream social media – and TikTok in particular. Impossibly chiselled jaws, pouty lips and cheekbones as high as the Egyptian pyramids are prized, along with "hunter" eyes (those angled slightly downwards towards the nose – a positive canthal tilt).
[theguardian.com, 15 February 2024]

Looksmaxxing 已經存在至少十年,但最近幾個月從不起眼的論壇和 Reddit 頁面爆發到主流社交媒體,尤其是抖音 (TikTok)。輪廓分明的下巴、撅起的嘴唇和與埃及金字塔一樣高的顴骨,以及「獵人」的眼睛 (那些稍微向下傾斜到鼻子的眼睛 — 正內眥傾斜) 都受到重視和珍愛。

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zero-dose

(形容詞) 零劑量的- 零劑量兒童是指從未接受過大多數兒童所接受的任何常規疫苗接種的兒童。

引句:
Since 2019, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of zero-dose children globally due to COVID-19 disruptions, increased economic crises and conflict, and declines in vaccine confidence … To turn the tide on this unprecedented increase in zero-dose children, it is essential to know who and where these children are so we can reach every child with life-saving vaccinations.
[data.unicef.org, April 2023]

自 2019 年以來,由於新冠肺炎 (COVID-19) 的干擾、經濟危機和衝突加劇以及疫苗信心下降,全球零劑量兒童數量急劇增加 … 為了扭轉零劑量兒童空前增加的趨勢,了解這些兒童是誰以及他們在哪裡至關重要,以便我們能夠為每個兒童接種挽救生命的疫苗。

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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anthrobot

(名詞/可數) 人類機器人 - 用人體細胞製成的非常小的機器人 (微型機器人)。

引句:
Scientists have created tiny living robots from human cells that can move around in a lab dish and may one day be able to help heal wounds or damaged tissue … A team at Tufts University and Harvard University's Wyss Institute have dubbed these creations anthrobots. The research builds on earlier work from some of the same scientists, who made the first living robots, or xenobots, from stem cells sourced from embryos of the African clawed frog.

[cnn.com, 30 November 2023]

科學家已用人類細胞創造出微型活機器人,它們可以在實驗室培養皿中移動,有一天也許能幫助治癒傷口或受損組織 … 塔夫茨大學和哈佛大學維斯研究所的一個團隊將這些創造物稱為「人類機器人」。這項研究係植基於這些科學家先前的研究基礎上,他們先前利用非洲爪蟾 (或稱非洲爪蛙) 胚胎的幹細胞製造出第一批活體機器人 (xenobots)。

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quadrupledemic

(名詞/可數) 四疫大爆發 - 新冠肺炎 (Covid-19)、流感 (flu)、呼吸道融合病毒 (respiratory syncytial virus, RSV) 和腺病毒 (adenovirus) 同時大爆發。這個字是由 quadruple + pandemic 拼綴而成。

引句:
Cold and flu viruses slowed to a trickle during the early part of the Covid pandemic only to blast through human populations this year. Some public health experts have called it a "tripledemic," but it might even be described as a quadrupledemic. In the Northern Hemisphere, flu began surging in October, months before its normal season. This year has also seen a steep, early rise in two other viruses, RSV (respiratory syncytial virus) and adenovirus.
[bloomberg.com, 23 November 2022]

在新冠肺炎大流行初期傳播速度減緩的感冒和流感病毒,今年卻在人群中爆發。 一些公共衛生專家稱其為「三疫大爆發」,但它甚至可能被稱為「四疫大爆發」。 在北半球,流感從十月開始激增,比正常季節早了幾個月。今年,另外兩種病毒 RSV (呼吸道融合病毒) 和腺病毒也出現了提早急劇上揚的情況。

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zombie cell

(名詞/可數) 殭屍細胞 - 受損且無法再增殖但仍留在體內並可能導致與年齡有關之疾病的細胞。

引句:
Scientists are working on drugs that kill "zombie cells" to help you live to 200. Zombie cells are a terror-inducing nickname for senescent cells, damaged cells that refuse to die. These damaged cells pile up as we age and lead to inflammation and altered stem cell function.
[honehealth.com, 29 June 2023]

科學家正在研究殺死「殭屍細胞」的藥物,以幫助您活到 200 歲。殭屍細胞是衰老細胞 (即拒絕死亡的受損細胞) 一個令人恐懼的別稱。 這些受損細胞隨著年齡的增長而堆積,導致發炎及幹細胞功能病變。

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Brotox

(名詞/不可數) 男性施打肉毒桿菌 (Botox) 的療程。

引句:
The rise of so-called Brotox is being reported in the UK, where the male grooming industry is worth an estimated £500 million a year. Celebrities aren't immune from this trend. Plastic surgeons say that more and more male stars appeared to be "jumping on the Brotox bandwagon".
[theweek.com, 12 August 2023]

據報導,英國正興起所謂的 Brotox 風潮;在英國,男性美容產業的年產值估計為 5 億英鎊。名流也不能倖免於這股趨勢。整形外科醫生表示,越來越多的男明星似乎「一窩蜂跟進這股 Brotox 風潮」。

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screen apnoea

(名詞/不可數) 螢幕呼吸中止症 - 某人看著手機或類似裝置的螢幕時停止正常呼吸的狀況。Apnoea 意為「呼吸中止;呼吸暫停」,這是英式英語的拼法,美式英語拼成 apnea。Cf. sleep apnoea (睡眠呼吸中止症)。

引句:
The lack of movement that comes from sitting in front of a screen might also be a contributor to screen apnoea, says Dr David Spiegel. Disrupted breathing is the result of “a combination of not just what you’re doing but what you’re not doing,” he says, adding that he noticed screen apnoea among patients who worked high-stress jobs for long hours without getting much exercise or sleep.
[smh.com.au, 29 August 2023]

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