(名詞) 神經小說。這是近十幾年來英美小說新興的一種類型,作者以神經學 (neuroscience - 研究神經系統的結構、發展、功能、病理和藥理的學科),尤其是腦部功能失調 (brain disorders) 的觀點來解釋小說中人物的行為和動機。
neuronovelist (名詞):神經小說家。

註:這個字肇始於美國文學批評家馬可•羅思 (Marco Roth) 2009 年 9 月在文學與政治雜誌《n+1》發表了一篇題為「神經小說的崛起」(Rise of the Neuronovel) 的文章。

Negative criticism is particularly exciting, not only because of schadenfreude, but because once limitations are identified, we glimpse how to transcend them. Learning the shortcomings of today's neuronovel, we catch sight of the psychological novel of the future: a novel expressive of the problems we have now, including the encroachment of cognitive science into the concept of the self. When this novel appears, it will be because some people wrote neuronovels and books like "Proust Was a Neuroscientist" and others identified the ways in which these works captivated us but failed to describe human existence.
—Elif Batuman, "From the Critical Impulse, the Growth of Literature," The New York Times, December 31, 2010

Thus far, most 'neuronovels' have focused on characters with a disorder. Perhaps in the near future we can read about a 'diagnose-free' [sic] character whose whole life is explained in terms of neurons firing?
—hanba, "From Freud to Neuronovel," Arts, Architecture, Thoughts, April 23, 2011