double as; double up as; double back; double over; double up

double as +
兼任 (某職位或某角色)
The actor doubled as the father in the play. (這位演員在劇中兼演父親的角色)

double (up) as +
也可用作,兼作
The kitchen table doubles as my desk when I'm doing my homework. (我在做家庭作業時,這個餐桌還可以當書桌用)
My study doubles up as a spare bedroom when we have visitors. (我們有訪客時,我的書房也兼作備用的臥房)

double back
原路折返 (尤指始料未及者)
When he saw the police, he had to double back. (當他看到警察時,他不得不原路折返)

double over/up
(因痛、笑等而) 彎腰、彎身
John doubled over/up in pain after being hit in the stomach. (約翰肚子挨了一擊後痛得彎下腰)
Amy was doubled over/up with the pain in her stomach. (艾美肚子痛得身子都直不起來了)
The students doubled over/up with laughter at every joke. (這些學生每聽完一個笑話都笑得直不起腰來)

double up
共用
We have only one room left, so you'll have to double up with Sam. (我們只剩一個房間,所以你必須跟山姆合住一間了)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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divide up; do in; do with; dob in; dole out

divide * up +
分配
They divided up the profits. (他們分配利潤)

do * in
幹掉,殺死
Mobsters did the old woman in. (匪徒把那個老婦人殺了)
They threatened to do me in if I didn't meet their demands by Sunday. (他們威脅說如果我週日之前沒有滿足他們的要求就要把我幹掉)

do * in +
使...勞累極了,使...疲憊極了
Playing baseball all day really did me in. (打了一整天的棒球真的把我給累壞了)

do with +
想要,需要 (通常用在 can 或 could 後面)
I could do with a cup of coffee. (我想喝杯咖啡)
I could do with a holiday. (我得休假了)
We can do with an additional assistant. (我們還需要增加一名助理)

dob * in
打...的小報告,告發
John dobbed me in to the teacher. (約翰向老師打我的小報告)

dole * out +
發放 (尤指食物、金錢等);分發
The government has agreed to dole out allowances to the elderly. (政府已同意發放老年人津貼)
The students were doling out leaflets in front of the station. (學生在車站前派發傳單)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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dip in; dip into; dip out; dive in; dive into

dip * in/into
把 (某物) 在某液體中浸一下;從...中掏出,從...中取出
He dipped the brush in the paint and began painting the wall. (他把刷子放入油漆中浸一下後開始粉刷牆壁)
Monica dipped her finger in the water to see if it's hot. (莫妮卡把手指浸入水中,看水熱不熱)
I dipped my hand in my pocket and took out my iPhone. (我伸手從口袋裡掏出 iPhone 手機)

dip into +
隨便翻閱、瀏覽一下
I usually dip into a novel before deciding whether to read it. (我在決定看一本小說之前,通常會先瀏覽一下)

dip out
(主美) 一聲不響地離開 (某個場所)
The party was so dull so I dipped out. (派對太沈悶,所以我就一聲不響地離開了)

dive in
貿然投入到...之中,介入;開始吃
When I saw the children fighting, I just dived in to sort it out. (當我看見孩子們打起來的時候,就連忙介入制止)
Dinner's on the table, so dive in. (晚餐端上桌了,所以就開動了)

dive into +
迅速將手伸入某物中;專心投入某事物
Jack dived into his pocket and pulled out a lighter. (傑克快速伸入口袋中拿出一個打火機)
He is diving into a new project. (他正在潛心鑽研一個新的專案)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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deal with; deck out; dial up; dine out; dine out on

deal with +
對付 (難纏的人或難辦的事);應付;處理
She frequently needs to deal with difficult customers. (她經常需要與難纏的顧客打交道)
I will deal with these problems. (我會處理這些問題)

deal with +
關於,涉及 (某內容);論述
The new movie deals with Internet bullying. (這部新電影講述的是網路霸凌)
The article deals with an important social phenomenon. (這篇文章涉及一個重要的社會現象)

deck * out +
打扮;裝飾
The street was decked out in flags. (街道上掛滿了旗幟)

dial up
撥號上網
You can dial up and access your files. (你可以撥號上網來存取你的檔案)

dine out
外出用餐;在外吃飯
We rarely dine out these days. (現在我們很少外出用餐)

dine out on +
(尤指吃飯時) 講 (某個故事、某一經歷等) 來逗樂或做笑談
I've dined out on the story of his accident. (我在晚餐時都要對別人講起他所發生的事故)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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count towards; cover for; cover up; damp off; deal in

count towards +
算作...的一部分
The coursework counts towards the final grade. (這項課程作業將被算作最終分數的一部分)

cover for +
為 (某人) 掩飾錯誤、隱瞞罪刑或找藉口等
Amy would cover for her boyfriend when he came in late. (艾美的男友遲到時,她都替他掩飾)

cover for +
代替,頂替
I covered for Gary while he was off sick. (蓋瑞請病假時,我就頂替他)

cover * up +
掩蓋,掩飾
Tom tried to cover up his mistake. (湯姆企圖掩蓋他的錯誤)

damp off
(植物因水分過多而) 腐壞;枯萎
It rained so much last month that nearly half the crops damped off. (上個月雨水過多,近半數的農作物都泡水死了)

deal in +
買賣 (某物);經營 (某商品)
Our company mainly deals in hardware and software. (我們公司現在主要經營硬體和軟體)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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could do with; count against; count among; count down; count for

could do with +
很想要 ...;很需要 ...
I could really do with a cup of coffee. (我實在很想來一杯咖啡)
Your room could do with a good cleaning. (你的房間需要好好打掃一下)

count against +
對 ... 不利
Not having a university degree will count against Lois. (沒有大學學歷會對洛伊絲不利)
His criminal record is bound to count against him in job applications. (他有前科勢必對他求職不利)

count * among
把某人 (或某物) 視為某團體 (或某類別等) 的一員
I count him among my closest friends. (我把他視為好友)
I no longer count Amy among my friends. (我不再把艾美當作朋友)

count * down +
倒數
I'm counting down the days till the end of the exams. (我倒數著日子,一直要數到考試結束)

count for +
有價值;很重要
Knowledge without common sense counts for nothing. (缺乏常識的知識毫無價值)
Experience counts for a lot in decision making. (在做決策時,經驗至關重要)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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coast through; cobble together; color in; cone off; cost up

coast through +
毫不費力地獲得進展;輕而易舉地取得勝利
John coasted through his exams. (約翰順利通過考試)
While Allen struggled, his brother coasted through school with top grades. (求學期間艾倫在學習上覺得很吃力,但他的弟弟卻一路學得輕輕鬆鬆,成績都名列前茅)

cobble * together +
草率地或匆忙地把 ... 拼湊起來
They cobbled together a proposal to put before the committee. (他們匆匆忙忙拼湊了個提議呈給委員會議決)
We cobbled a few pages together and submitted it. (我們隨便拼湊了幾頁就交出去了)

color * in / color in
(給…) 著色;(給…) 上色
Her son drew a zebra and colored/coloured it in. (她兒子畫了一隻斑馬,然後給它上色)
She could spend hours just coloring/colouring in. (她可以一連花幾個小時著色)

cone * off +
(英) 用交通錐標明或隔開;(在道路) 設置交通錐
The police coned off the lane after the accident. (事故發生後警察用交通錐隔開車道)
The police coned off the accident site. (警察在事故現場設置交通錐)

cost * up +
計算 (花費)
The decorator is going to cost up the work tomorrow. (室內裝潢師傅明天將計算這項工程要花多少錢)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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cling on; cling on to; cling to; clock in/on; clock out/off; clock up

cling on
抓緊
I told him to cling on as the motorbike accelerated. (摩托車加速時,我叫他抓緊)

cling on to +
抓緊;抓住
They clung on to power despite the protests. (儘管遭到抗議,他們仍緊抓權力不放)

cling to +
黏著,纏著;緊握不放;堅持;堅守
The little boy clings to her mother. (小男孩黏著媽媽不放)
I am not a man who clings to old ideas. (我不是一個墨守舊觀念的人)

clock in/on
打卡上班
John clocked in/on late today. (約翰今天 (打卡) 上班遲到)

clock out/off
打卡下班
We clocked out/off at six o'clock and went for a drink. (我們六點下班後去喝一杯)

clock * up +
達到 (某一數量)
Jason has clocked up 32 years as a teacher. (傑生已經當了 32 年的老師)
We have clocked up seven wins since the season started. (自本球季開賽以來,我們已經獲得七勝)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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choke back/down; choke down; choke off; choke up; chow down

choke * back/down +
強忍住;克制住
John choked back his anger. (約翰強忍住怒火)
The student choked back tears as she described what had happened. (這位學生強忍住淚水描述事情的經過)
Helen tried to choke down the urge to slap his face. (海倫試圖忍住打他耳光的衝動)

choke * down +
困難地嚥下;硬吞下
Emma did not like the food but she managed to choke it down. (艾瑪不喜歡那些食物,但還是勉強嚥了下去)

choke * off +
勸阻;阻止;制止;停止
The woman kept talking and nobody could choke her off. (那個女人說個不停,沒人能阻止她)
The power outage choked off the supply of electricity in most areas. (停電使大部分地區都沒電)

choke up
哽咽
Tom choked up when we mentioned his estranged wife. (當我們提到他已分居的太太時,湯姆激動得說不出話來)

choke up +
堵塞
Cars and trucks are choking up our streets. (汽車和卡車把我們的街道擠得水洩不通)
The street was choked up with traffic. (街上交通壅塞)

chow down

Over there is where we chow down. (那裡是我們吃飯的地方)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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cast out; cast up; catch up in; chat away; chew off

cast * out +
把...趕走;驅逐;逐出
After the scandal, John was cast out of the company. (發生那樁醜聞後,約翰被公司開除了)
They cast him out because of his behavior. (由於他行為不當,他們把他趕走了)

cast * up +
把...沖上岸
A body was cast up last night. (昨晚有具屍體被沖上岸)
Pieces of rubbish are cast up all along the coast. (整個海岸都是被沖上來的垃圾)

cast * up +
計算;把 (數字) 加起來
Please cast up these numbers for me. (請替我把這些數字加起來)

catch up in +
(被) 捲入或陷入...之中 (通常用被動態,即 be/get caught up in)
Rob got caught up in a clash between protesters and the police. (羅伯被困在抗議民眾與警方的衝突之中)
Mary was caught up in the anti-nuclear movement. (瑪麗投身於反核運動)

chat away
閒談,聊天
The doctor chatted away as he examined my eyes. (醫生一邊檢查我的眼睛,一邊聊著天)

chew * off +
咬掉,咬斷
The dog chewed off the man's fingers. (那隻狗咬斷該男子的手指)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/phrasalverbs/phrasalverbs-c.htm