anxiety economy

(名詞/不可數) 焦慮經濟 - 經由生產和銷售減輕焦慮的產品所創造的財富。

引句:
The anxiety economy shows no signs of shrinking, with white noise machines, salt lamps and meditation headbands advertised alongside yoga selfies on Instagram. Aids for anxiety disorders in 2019 are branded like covetable scented candles – scrolling through the products, one starts to think of it as a small but universal ill like dry lips or shaving rash, and one just as easily treated.
[www.theguardian.com, 10 March 2019]

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/comeco.htm

sign off on; sit up; sleep out; sleep together

sign off on +
正式同意 (某事)
The CEO signed off on the plans to increase the number of foreign workers. (執行長正式同意增加外勞人數的計畫)

sit up
感興趣;驚訝
I sat up when he told me he was closing the company. (當他告訴我他將關閉公司時我感到驚訝)
The news that the president was taken ill suddenly really made us sit up. (總統突然病倒的消息著實讓我們大吃一驚)

sit up
坐直
I have told you many times to sit up straight. (我已經告訴你很多次要坐直)

sleep out
在戶外睡覺
It's so hot tonight so we've decided to sleep out in the garden. (今晚太熱了,所以我們決定到外面花園去睡)

sleep out
夜不歸宿,不在家裡過夜
Mary and her husband are always going to clubs and seem to sleep out nearly every night. (瑪麗和她先生老是上夜店,幾乎每個晚上都不在家裡過夜)

sleep together
(兩人) 睡在一起,發生性關係
I don't think Amy and Randy sleep together any more. (我認爲艾美和蘭迪兩人已不在一起了)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/phrasalverbs/phrasalverbs-s.htm

silver striver

(名詞/可數) 過了正常的退休年齡還繼續工作的人。

引句:
Peter Stanway, 72, is helping to design a block of flats overlooking the zebra crossing that appears on the cover of the Beatles’ Abbey Road. Although he started drawing his state pension at 70, he still works between 30 and 50 hours a week and has no plans to retire until he is 80. Stanway … is part of a new demographic — the silver strivers. These are the baby boomers who, when they reached state pension age, simply kept on working.
[Sunday Times, 11 March 2018]

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/comeco_cont3.htm

share in; share out; shave from; shop around; shore up

share in +
分享,分擔,參加
Five sons shared in the billionaire's inheritance. (五個兒子分享了那個億萬富豪的遺產)
We shared in the responsibility for her misdeeds. (我們分擔她的罪責)
I will share in the activity. (我會參加那項活動)

share * out +
平均分配 (均分)
The boss shared the money out equally. (老闆均分了這筆錢)

shave * from
自...削掉 (薄薄的一層)
I shaved a few millimeters from the bottom of the window, so that it would open. (我把窗戶的底部削掉了幾毫米,這樣窗戶就能打開了)

shop around
貨比三家,多問幾家比較後選購
When you're buying air tickets, you should always shop around for the best deal. (買機票時,你得多問幾家才能買到最便宜的票)

shore * up +
支撐
Those walls have had to be shored up. (那些圍牆須用支柱支撐)
The central bank is trying to shore up Taiwan Dollar to stop it from sliding further. (央行正在設法支撐台幣以防止進一步貶值)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/phrasalverbs/phrasalverbs-s.htm

sponcon

(名詞/不可數) 贊助的內容。這個字是 sponsored content 的縮寫,指的是廠商或公司為促銷產品而付費給發文者發表在 Facebook、Instagram 等社群媒體上的文章。

在下面的引句中,influencer (名詞/可數) 也是個新字,意為「在社群媒體上發表文章來改變別人行為模式或購物行為的人」。另一個相關的新字是 outfluencer (名詞/可數),意為「在社群媒體上發表有關室外冒險活動、極限運動等文章的人」。

引句:
When done correctly, sponcon is mutually beneficial to the reader, the brand, and the influencer. With the added transparency of how much influencers can make (take a look at Zoe Sugg’s net worth, if you want to make yourself feel really bad!) it’s no wonder teenagers and young adults are intrigued by what they can do with their own social platforms.
[www.found.co.uk, 15 February 2019]

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/comp_cont3.htm

sack out; scratch around for; seek out; set on/upon

sack out
上床睡覺 (go to bed)
It's late - I'm going to sack out. (不早了,我要上床睡覺了)

scratch around for +
四處搜尋
The press is really scratching around for stories this week. (新聞界這個星期一直很努力地到處找新聞)

seek * out +
(尤指費時地) 找出,查出,尋找
It took me ages to seek the answer out. (我花了很久的時間才找到答案)

set on/upon +
攻擊;襲擊
Jack was set on by a vicious dog. (約翰遭到一隻惡犬的攻擊)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/phrasalverbs/phrasalverbs-s.htm

disloyalty bonus

(名詞/可數) 不忠紅利:換新工作所獲得的加薪,因為留在舊職,現有員工的薪資往往不會有那麼高的調幅。

引句:
Workers who choose to stay in their jobs rather than move are missing out on a ‘disloyalty bonus’, a new report suggests. The Resolution Foundation found pay growth has hit 10% for those who change jobs, while those who remain in their posts received a pay rise of just 2.5%.
[news.sky.com, 2 August 2018]

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/comeco.htm

rub up against; run by

rub up against +
磨蹭,蹭來蹭去
My cat keeps on rubbing itself up against my leg. (我的貓老是在我的腿上蹭來蹭去)

run * by
向 (某人) 徵求對 (某事) 的看法;就 (某事) 請教 (某人);對 (某人) 說 (某事) (以聽取對方意見)
Cindy ran her ideas by me to see what I felt. (辛蒂跟我說了她的想法,想聽取我的意見)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/phrasalverbs/phrasalverbs-r.htm

generation scroll

(名詞/不可數) 捲動世代,滾動世代 - 大多在平板或手機上追劇、看新聞等的世代。

引句
This 25th annual analysis of media habits, based on a survey of 2,000 young people, says this is now ‘generation scroll’ – in which most viewing is through mobile internet devices, whether a phone, laptop or tablet computer. Only 10% now get ‘almost all’ their TV programmes through a TV screen.
[www.bbc.co.uk/news, 30 January 2019]

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/comp_cont1.htm

rough out; round down; round off; round out

rough * out +
勾勒,畫出...的輪廓;草擬,擬出...的梗概
He'll just rough out the whole picture and I can do the details. (他只要概略地畫出草圖,我就能把細節補上)
Professor Chen has roughed out a few basic ideas. (陳教授已勾勒出一些基本構想)

round * down +
捨棄尾數把 (數字、價格等) 調低或降低為整數
A charge of $10.11 will be rounded down to $10. (把 10.11 美元的費用下調為整數 10 美元)

round * off +
圓滿完成 (或結束);把尖角磨圓
She rounded off the tour with a concert at Taipei Arena. (她在台北小巨蛋舉行的音樂會圓滿地結束了這次巡迴演出)
He rounded off the edges with a piece of sandpaper. (他用砂紙將邊緣磨圓)

round * out +
完成 (某事)
More research is needed to round out the doctoral/master's thesis. (需要更多的研究來完成這篇博士/碩士論文)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/phrasalverbs/phrasalverbs-r.htm