frozen robot syndrome

(名詞/不可數) 機器人卡住症候群 - 無人駕駛車 (driverless car,亦即自動駕駛車,簡稱自駕車) 在路上感測到障礙物而突然停下來的情況。

引句:
A recent investigation by the Law Commission has revealed driverless motors could be stopped in its tracks [sic] by “frozen robot syndrome”. The concerning possibility would occur when the vehicle freezes in the presence of obstacles on the road, such as leaves, plastic bags or even seagulls. Software developers consulted as a part of the report even warned that unexpected weather, such as heavy snow, could cause a widespread traffic disruption.
[The Sun, 16 October 2019]

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spite house

(名詞/可數) 惡意屋 - 建造或改動來惱怒或煩擾鄰居的房子,如把房子漆成非常鮮豔的顏色或者進行擴建來阻礙鄰居的視野。

引句:
In the UK, the most recent spite house to make the papers was the Kensington home of … a property developer who painted candy stripes on the three-storey façade of her house in 2015. She denied that the stripes were to spite neighbours who objected to her plans to demolish the £4.75m property, which she used “for storage”.
[theguardian.com, 8 September 2019]

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tree-trimming party

(名詞/可數) 一群人聚在某人的家裡來裝飾聖誕樹的社交活動。

引句:
A tree-trimming party is a great idea for completing one chore, celebrating the season, and easily entertaining a crowd of friends. Invitations can be sent out ahead of time, or you can make this a spur of the moment gathering. All you need is a tree, decorations, willing friends and appetizers to serve buffet style.
[thespruceeats.com, 7 November 2019]

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swear off; switch off; switch on; switch over to

swear off +
發誓不做,保證放棄,下決心戒除
After years of addiction, Paul swore off drugs completely. (上癮幾年後,保羅發誓徹底戒毒)
Cindy swore off alcohol after getting drunk at her friend's wedding. (辛蒂在她朋友的婚禮上喝醉後下定決心戒酒)

switch * off +
關閉 (開關)
John switched off the lights, locked the door and left. (約翰關燈、鎖門後離開)

switch off
不再關注,不再理睬
If Peter gets bored, he just switches off and looks out the window. (彼得覺得無聊時,就心不在焉地朝窗外看)

switch * on +
打開 (開關)
He switched on the lights when he entered the room. (他進入房間後打開電燈)

switch * on +
(通常不是發自內心地) 突然變得,突然裝出
When a customer walks in, Mary switches on the charm. (一有顧客走進來,瑪麗就馬上裝出一副親切可人的樣子)

switch over to +
轉換跑道;切換頻道,轉台
He played baseball for ten years before switching over to teaching. (他打了 10 年的棒球後轉換跑道去教書)
Shall we switch over to Channel 55? (我們轉到 55 台好嗎?)

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entertrainment

(名詞/不可數) 寓運動於樂的健身課程 (fitness classes)。

引句:
So, how do we navigate this confusing world of entertrainment? How to sort off the marketing gimmicks from the genuinely useful concepts? Firstly, it’s worth repeating Beverley’s line: movement is good for you, and if fun, faddy classes help get you working out, then that’s probably a good thing. Don’t beat yourself up about loving entertrainment if it works for you.
[www.telegraph.co.uk, 22 March 2019]

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micro-scheduling

(名詞/不可數) 微排程 - 每分鐘都有活動規劃的行程安排。引句中提到,微軟創辦人比爾‧蓋茲 (Bill Gates) 以及特斯拉創辦人伊隆‧馬斯克 (Elon Musk) 都是以五分鐘為一個單位來規劃行程。

引句:
The CEOs have said it: scheduling meetings, lunch breaks and workouts is no longer enough. To hit peak productivity, micro-scheduling is the best option: in other words, planning every minute of your day, down to checking your phone and making tea. It’s all the rage in Silicon Valley: Bill Gates and Elon Musk both split their days into five-minute chunks. And New York-based entrepreneur Gary Vaynerchuk reportedly plans his day out to the second.
[standard.co.uk, 21 February 2019]

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laughter club

(名詞/可數) 大笑俱樂部 - 一群人定期聚會一起開懷大笑以促進身心健康的團體

引句:
It’s no joke. Laughter clubs exist all over the country. They’re run by “certified laughter leaders” – often psychologists, therapists, and psychiatrists – who are trained in the healing benefits of laughter. These workshops can help you connect with others as you get in a good laugh.
[www.rd.com/health/wellness, no date]

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strip of; strip off; strip out; swallow up

strip of +
剝奪 (某人) 的 (頭銜、獎項、職位等)
He was stripped of his knighthood after the scandal. (那項醜聞後他就被剝奪了騎士頭銜)
He was stripped of his honors after he was convicted of stealing from the company. (他被判定偷竊公司財物後就被剝奪了所有榮譽)

strip off
脫光
They stripped off and swam naked in the river. (他們脫光後在河裡裸泳)

strip * off +
脫掉 (一件衣服)
It was so hot that I stripped off my shirt. (天氣太熱,我脫掉了襯衫)

strip * out +
忽略不計 (某個具體數字或細節 ,以了解真正重要之處)
After stripping out property sales, the firm's operating profits dropped five percent. (若忽略不計出售的房地產,該公司的運營利潤下降了 5%)

strip * out +
全部去除
The engineer had to strip out all the old wiring and start again. (這位工程師不得不把舊有的線路全部拆除,從頭再來)

swallow * up +
吞掉;吞沒;併吞
An increasing amount of the countryside is being swallowed (up) by the town. (越來越多的鄉村地區被城鎮所吞沒)
Large companies have swallowed many small businesses up. (大公司已併吞了許多小企業)

swallow * up +
大量使用,大量奪走
The plan swallowed up all my money. (這項計畫把我所有錢都用光了)

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homebody economy

(名詞/不可數) 宅經濟。亦叫做 otaku economy。Homebody 和 otaku 分別為英文和日文的「宅男;宅女」)。

引句:
As you get older, you start to realise that having cool, fun New Year’s Eve plans is overrated. And now brands are starting to realise that, too. As part of a larger effort to capitalise on the “homebody economy” — or millennials who prefer to stay at home and spend money on self-care items rather than go out — services such as Netflix and Domino’s Pizza are launching promotional campaigns on Instagram and Twitter explicitly targeted at the stay-at-home crowd.
[www.businesstimes.com.sg, 29 December 2018]

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microworker

(名詞/可數) 微工作者 - 負責在線上執行一些小規模但重要之工作的人,因為這些工作需要人工輸入、無法用電腦完成。

引句:
Two years ago she swapped her dental practice for online work as part of the global army of hidden "microworkers" – performing tasks that machines alone cannot. Think of a day in your “digital life”. Whether it's your phone's search engine recommending relevant restaurants or a music app's suggested playlist – none of this would be possible without microworkers.
[www.bbc.co.uk/news, 2 August 2019]

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