(名詞) 狗兒導向語言：指人類面對狗狗時，自然會表現出來的特殊說話方式，其特色是音調較高、語速較慢 (slow cadence)、重複較多而且語調怪異。亦寫成 dog directed speech 或縮寫為 DDS。
Dog-directed speech 是 1997 年出現的寵物導向語言 (pet-directed speech，或 PDS) 及 2004 年出現的動物導向語言 (animal-directed speech，或 ADS) 中的一環。這些特殊說話方式都衍生自可追溯至 1985 年的嬰兒導向語言 (infant-directed speech，或 IDS)。
People tend to talk differently to babies and to pet dogs than they do to adults and the acoustic and linguistic features of such infant directed speech (IDS) and dog directed speech (DDS) proved to be very similar.
—Anna Gergely, et al., “Differential effects of speech situations on mothers’ and fathers’ infant-directed and dog-directed speech: An acoustic analysis,” Nature, October 23, 2017
Infant-directed speech (IDS) is a special speech register thought to aid language acquisition and improve affiliation in human infants. Although IDS shares some of its properties with dog-directed speech (DDS), it is unclear whether the production of DDS is functional, or simply an overgeneralisation of IDS within Western cultures.
—Alex Benjamin & Katie Slocombe, “‘Who’s a good boy?!’ Dogs prefer naturalistic dog-directed speech,” Animal Companion, March 2, 2018
(名詞) 對於一個人的行為如預期般地壞所表現的幸災樂禍以及對該行為的憤慨。這個字是由 gloat (幸災樂禍) + outrage (憤慨) 拼綴而成。這是越來越多美國人和新聞媒體現在對總統川普種種瘋狂行徑所抱持的心態和情緒反應。
It’s time to stop being outraged. It isn’t even really outrage—it’s gloatrage, when you’re secretly thrilled that he’s proving himself to be just as bad as you thought.
—Gideon Lichfield, “It’s time to start ignoring the president of the United States,” Quartz, July 1,
An unfortunate consequence of the mainstream media’s outrage (or ‘gloatrage’) is that political bias has begun to leak from the opinion pages into the news coverage, giving detractors further reason to eschew what have been traditionally high-quality news outlets such as the Washington Post and the New York Times.
—Neil Winward, “Why the Fourth Estate Is Crumbling,” The Market Mogul, July 3, 2017
(名詞) 要求施捨來支付膳宿或交通費用的背包客 (backpacker)，亦寫成 beg-packer。這個字是由 beg + backpacker 拼綴而成。
I recently came across a unique kind of traveller: the beg-packer. Like the name implies, it literally means begging your way through the places you travel.
—Sonali Kokra, “Beg-Packing Is A New Travelling Trend And It’s As Bizarre As It Sounds,” The Huffington Post, September 7, 2017
But in the age of social media, crowdfunding, and hashtags, the dream of free travel has morphed once again, giving us the phenomenon of #begpackers: People who travel backpacker-style on a beggar’s budget, asking for contributions, freebies, and handouts from locals or fellow travelers…as they go.
—Rosie Spinks, “The ‘begpacker’ phenomenon shows how fake poverty has become a status symbol,” Quartzy, January 30, 2018
To all the faildaughters and failsons out there who’ve ever felt like their lives were hecked up forever, Night in the Woods has got your back.
—Robert Fenner, “Night in the Woods,” RPGFan, March 5, 2017
The primary effect of nepotistic hiring practices isn’t necessarily that a herd of unqualified failsons get jobs coaching the tight ends or “consulting” on the defense, it’s that a pedigreed group of people related to prominent coaches have the barriers to entry lowered almost completely for them.
—Patrick Redford, “The FAU Offensive Coordinator Job Explains College Football’s Nepotism Problem,” Deadspin, January 17, 2018
(名詞) 一個人死亡的週年紀念或是一家公司關閉或一項服務終止的週年紀念。亦寫成 death-iversary。這個字是由 death + anniversary 拼綴而成。
In the midst of TV’s full brunt of Diana deathiversary specials, Showtime has decided that what one naturally wants instead is a dispassionate, depressing documentary about the downward spiral and untimely death of pop superstar Whitney Houston, who drowned in a hotel bathtub in 2012.
—Hank Stuever, “‘Whitney: Can I Be Me’ tries and fails to bring meaning to the late singer’s legacy,” The Washington Post, August 24, 2017
At The Outline, Ann-Derrick Gaillot profiles ex-Vine star Christiana Gilles (@NaturalExample) for the app’s one-year deathiversary.
—Catherine Cusick, “White Privilege on Loop,” Longreads, January 22, 2018
(名詞) 僅由男性組成的討論小組 (panel) 或類似的討論小組。這個字是由 man + panel 拼綴而成。
Many speakers and attendees said that culture change required action by men as well as women, and noted that male allies can play a crucial role. Those all-male panels, or “manels?” Men should insist on more diversity or spurn the event, said biological anthropologist Susan Sheridan of the University of Notre Dame in Indiana. “If you see a manel, say no,” she said.
—Ann Gibbons & Elizabeth Culotta, “Anthropologists say no to sexual harassment,” Science, April 29, 2016
The range of topics on which men (and usually white men) are, apparently, exclusively experts is impressive and includes (but is not limited to) sustainable cities, infection biology, street photography, forestry research, youth economics, bioinformatics, block-chain technology and, remarkably, obstetrics, gynecology and infertility. Social media shaming has extended from “manels” to conferences, where the hashtag #YAMMM has gained popularity as people share examples of “yet another mostly male meeting.”
—Imogen Coe, “How we can (finally) put an end to ‘manels’,” The Globe and Mail, November 12, 2017
(名詞) 對社會正義問題極為瞭解且非常敏感的狀況。這個字的形容詞為 woke，意為「對社會正義問題極為瞭解且非常敏感的」，其比較級和最高級分別為 woker 和 wokest。注意：woke 在此並非 wake 的過去式。
When it comes to wokeness, few are woker than Jesse Williams, a Grey’s Anatomy actor and activist who has used the spotlight to bring awareness to issues of racial and social justice, particularly the Black Lives Matter movement (the subject of a documentary he executive produced called Stay Woke).
—Nicole Silverberg, “Watch Jesse Williams Deliver the Best Speech of the BET Awards,” GQ, June 27, 2016
Coupled with Riverdale’s edginess and extreme self-awareness is its intense wokeness. I’m not just talking about the fact that the show has been on the right side of representation by portraying non-White versions of Josie, Reggie, Dilton, and Veronica….I’m talking about the show’s awareness of Black cultural and social issues as well as its representation of Black characters.
—Monique Jones, “‘Riverdale’s’ Woke Report Card: Does the Drama Get Its Black Characters Right?,” Ebony, March 30, 2017
(動名詞/現在分詞) 戴帽子來遮掩禿頭或後移的髮際線 (receding hairline) 以矇騙約會對象。
－hatfish (v.)；hatfish (n.)
As we approach 2017, dating around literally couldn’t be any harder. What with catfishing, hatfishing, and bold face liars the pool gets shallower by the day.
—Isis Nezbeth, “The One Thing Women Fail To Realize About The Men We Fall For,” Thought Catalog, December 4, 2016
When the internet talks about hatfishing, it’s regarded as a male analogue to women who overdo makeup. The idea is that both sexes use some form of trickery to misrepresent who they are underneath.
—Jason Chen, “If You’ve Never Seen the Top of Your Tinder Date’s Head, Perhaps You’re Being Hatfished,” The Cut, August 23, 2017
(名詞) 冰葬 － 將遺體放入攝氏零下 196 度的液態氮 (liquid nitrogen) 中急速冷凍、乾燥並粉化。這是近年來國外殯葬業積極推動的一種嶄新的下葬方式，過程不僅快速、費用低廉，而且最重要的是對環境友善。經過機器粉化的骨灰在取出任何金屬物 (如假牙或其他植入物) 之後還可當植物的肥料，對環保做出貢獻。
Cryomation 原為一家同名公司已取得專利的下葬方式，又叫做 promession。這個字是由 cryogenic (低溫的) + cremation (火葬、火化) 拼綴而成。
Cryomation or promession is a novel technique that involves immersing a body in liquid nitrogen down to a temperate of -196ºC at which point it becomes extremely brittle. Pressure then fragments the body into small particles allowing for the removal of any surgical implants and other foreign material.
—Matthew Vella, “If not six feet under, then freeze-dried or liquefied…,” Malta Today, April 23, 2014
But trends in the funeral industry are beginning to shift as new and reconceived rituals, designed to be more culturally and environmentally sustainable, come into public awareness.
“We’re hearing these new words starting to emerge from the field; one is aquamation, a cremation done with water,” explains Dr Interlandi.
“Or you’ve got cryomation, where the body is actually submerged in liquid nitrogen and crushed afterwards.”
—Siobhan Hegarty, “This fashion designer makes clothes for dead bodies,” ABC News, September 10, 2017
(名詞) 兩個人之間比純友誼更親密一些、但還稱不上是愛情的關係。這個字是由 situation + relationship 拼綴而成。
I have a disconcerting habit of keeping some people around longer than I should. So it’s sadly no surprise that I stayed in a “situationship” that looked like a committed relationship, but wasn’t, for way too long.
—Erica R. William, “Settling For A Situationship: Why I Spent Two Years Of My Life With An In-The-Meantime Man,” Madame Noire, January 19, 2016
For all the boyfriends that were never really my boyfriend, past hookups and their mealy scars of things left unsaid, there was now a clever umbrella term: situationships. And getting involved in a situationship might be the worst thing you can do to yourself.
—Carina Hsieh, “Is the ‘Situationship’ Ruining Modern Romance?,” Cosmopolitan, May 1, 2017