extractive tourism

(名詞/不可數) 榨取式旅遊 - 假日時太多人到某地觀光旅遊,造成當地居民生活不便或困難的情況。

引句:
"Extractive tourism" – a term first coined by academic Vijay Kolinjivadi – goes beyond the basic interpretation of overtourism as a congestion caused by travellers flocking to tourism hotspots while balancing out the economic benefits. The new phrase better encompasses the destructive impact of mass tourism on local communities as well.
[www.euronews.com, 24 February 2021]

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community fridge

(名詞/可數) 社區冰箱 - 設置在公共場所的冰箱,裡面存放民眾和商家捐贈的食物,讓經濟弱勢者和買不起食物的人可以取用這些多餘、將被扔掉、在使用期限內的蔬菜、麵包、三明治和包裝食品。

引句:
There is a school in my Manhattan neighbourhood that has been giving out free meals during the pandemic – and every time I walk past it the line seems longer. A community fridge recently popped up a couple of blocks away; it's one of many that activists have installed across the city to combat growing food insecurity.
[theguardian.com, 11 August 2021]

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super-Earth

(名詞/可數) 超級地球 - 太陽系之外類似地球的行星,可能適合人類居住。

引句:
In the last 30 years, scientists have discovered more than 4,000 exoplanets, or planets outside our own solar system. Their latest discovery, however, is a bit of a doozy. Earlier this week, a team of researchers announced the discovery of TOI-561b, a rocky exoplanet that's been deemed a "super-Earth." It’s located about 280 light-years away.
[travelandleisure.com, 14 January 2021]

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braincore

(名詞/不可數) 讓你看起來比較聰明、睿智的穿衣方式。

引句:
First there was normcore — the art of dressing in “normal”-looking clothing that suddenly became a thing in 2014. Then there was cottagecore — the trend for outfits inspired by rural-life twee that reached peak silliness during lockdown. Now? Middle-aged men are all about the braincore — that’s clothes, accessories and merch that show off how intellectual you are.
[thetimes.co.uk, 27 December 2020]

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anthropause

(名詞/不可數) 人類活動和行動大幅縮減的時期。

引句:
Over the past few months, many countries around the world went into lockdown to control the spread of COVID-19. Brought about by the most tragic circumstances, this period of unusually reduced human mobility — which we suggest be coined 'anthropause' — may provide important insights into human–wildlife interactions in the twenty-first century.
[nature.com, 22 June 2020]

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revenge travel

(名詞/不可數) 報復性旅遊 - 比平常更踴躍、更頻繁的旅遊和度假活動,以彌補之前有一段時間不能或不被允許旅遊和度假。

引句:
Revenge travel is this sinister buzzword that has been doing the rounds in the last few months to describe the angsty and bottled-up demand for travel that many of us are currently feeling. But is revenge as sweet as we'd like? The jury is still out on that.
[outlookindia.com, 15 August 2020]

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social recession

(名詞/可數) 社交衰退期 - 社會上人與人之間很少接觸的時期。

引句:
Typically, in moments of stress, we reach out to people. We spend time with people we love. And now we’re being asked not to do that, at least in physical terms. So I worry that we may incur what I think of as a social recession, with profound consequences for our health, for our productivity in the workplace, for how our kids do in school.
[mckinsey.com, 9 June 2020]

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digital republic

(名詞/可數) 數位共和國 - 該國公民可以在網路上取得幾乎所有政府服務的國家。

引句:
In Estonia, the only public service not available online is marriage. Dubbed the "digital republic", Estonia has the most advanced e-government in the world and nurtures a vibrant start-up community. Kersti Kaljulaid, President of Estonia, joins Azeem Azhar to explore how … this digital republic is navigating the Covid-19 pandemic.
[Harvard Business Review, 20 April 2020]

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wildbelt

(名詞/可數,通常用單數) 禁建及禁止其他開發的地區 (以保護大自然並讓大自然可以恢復生機)。

引句:
A new "wildbelt" designation protecting land that is being restored for nature must be included in the UK government's planning reforms, it has been urged … This wildbelt designation would enable new land that currently does not do much for wildlife to be protected, so efforts to create or restore natural habitat or rewild the area are secure from future changes to land use.
[theecologist.org, 17 September 2020]

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gigafactory

(名詞/可數) 製造電動車電池的超大型工廠。

引句:
A £1.2bn project to build Britain’s first ‘gigafactory’ to supply electric batteries for the UK car industry could unravel without changes to UK state aid rules, according to the company’s chief executive.
[telegraph.co.uk, 4 October 2020]

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