neighbor spoofing

(動名詞/現在分詞) 以看似本地號碼的電話所打的詐騙電話 (scam call, scam phone call)。亦可用 neighboring 來表示相同的意思。英式拼法為 neighbour spoofingneighbouring。Spoof (v., n.) 意為「詐騙,行騙,欺騙」。

引句:
Apparently, the scammer used a technique called “neighbor spoofing.” The caller ID of such calls matches the area code and the first three digits of the recipient’s phone number, which is more likely to be answered than calls that simply match the area code.
—Rob LeFebvre, “FCC may fine robocall spammer $120 million for illegal spoofing,” Engadget, June 22, 2017

There are now a billion robocalls going to cellphones and landlines every month. Many of them look like they’re from your neighbor. It’s not really your neighbor, of course. It’s neighbor spoofing — which means using the internet to make it look like a scammer (who could be anywhere in the world) is calling from your area.
—Sally Helm & Kenny Malone, “Episode 789: Robocall Invasion,” NPR, August 18, 2017

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carry away; cast about/around/round for; cast aside; cast off

carry away
(某人) 興奮得失去控制,激動得不知所措,得意忘形。都以 be/get carried away 的型態出現。
There's far too much money - I got carried away. (這麼多的錢 - 我激動得不知所措)
Let's not get carried away. The deal could still fall through. (我們先別得意忘形,交易仍可能失敗)

cast about/around/round for +
搜尋,四處尋找;試圖找出,試圖想出
They're casting about for support. (他們正到處尋找支援)
She was casting around for people to help her. (她四處找人幫她)
He cast round desperately for something to say. (他搜索枯腸找話說)

cast * aside +
拋棄;丟掉
He cast her aside. (他把她拋棄了)
She has cast her old friends aside. (她把老朋友都撇在一邊)
As soon as he got a new cellphone, he cast aside the old one. (他一有了新手機,就把舊的扔掉了)

cast * off +
擺脫;拋棄
His hometown is still trying to cast off its dull image. (他的家鄉仍在努力擺脫其單調沈悶的形象)

cast off
(船舶) 解纜啟航
The ship was scheduled to cast off at 10 a.m. (這艘船定於早上十點啟航)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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build around; build in; build into; build on; bulk up

build * around
圍繞;以 ... 為中心
His whole campaign was built around fighting injustice. (他的整個競選活動以打擊不公不義為主軸)

build * in
(通常用被動態) 使成為組成部分
The difficulties seem to be built in. (困難似乎無法避免)

build into +
(通常用被動態) 使成為組成部分;使成為不可分割的一部份
The difficulties are built into the work. (做這項工作必然會碰到困難)
Security has been built into the project. (這項計畫勢必會有安全上的問題)
The rate of pay was built into his contract. (工資率已訂入他的合約)

build * on
(建築物的) 加蓋,增建
We've had a sheet metal house built on the side of the building. (我們在這棟建築物的側面加蓋了鐵皮屋)
This part of the library was built on later. (圖書館的這一部份是後來增建的)

build on +
以 ... 為基礎
We need to build on the feedback from customers we have had so far. (我們必須以迄今為止收到的顧客回饋意見為基礎)

bulk up
變重;變大
Jack's bulked up a lot since he got those steroids. (傑克自從服用那些類固醇之後,他的體重增加了許多)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/phrasalverbs/phrasalverbs-b.htm

soft robotics

(名詞) 軟性機器人學;軟性機器人技術。軟性機器人是指用軟性、柔韌或有延展性的材料所做成的機器人。
soft robotic (adj.):軟性機器人的;軟性機器人學的
soft robot (n.):軟性機器人

引句:
The researchers planted a soft controller in the Octobot’s body that shunts liquid hydrogen peroxide through platinum reaction chambers, turning the fluid fuel to oxygen gas and water vapor. The gas pumps up the legs though tiny channels running from the body, making the gummy tentacles twitch—a big step in soft robotics.
—Kata Karáth, “The future of soft robotics: a 3D-printed, farting, gummy octopus,” Quartz, August 25, 2016

How will these robots appear in our lives and how will we interact, and live, with them? We can foresee smart skins, assist and medical devices, biodegradable and environmental robots or intelligent soft robots. For example, the compliance of soft robotics makes them ideally suited for direct interaction with biological tissue.
—Jonathan Rossiter, “Robotics, Smart Materials, and their Future Impact for Humans,” MIT Technology Review, April 6, 2017

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/comp_cont3.htm

breed out; brick in; brick up; buckle down; buckle under; buckle up

breed * out +
在人工繁殖過程中消除 (某種特性、特徵等)
Cruelty and aggression have not yet been bred out of these animals. (殘忍和侵略性還未能在這些動物的人工繁殖過程中消除)

brick * in +
用磚堵住
The windows were all bricked in. (窗戶全用磚堵起來了)

brick * up +
用磚堵住
We bricked up a window/doorway/fireplace to prevent draughts. (我們用磚把窗戶/門口/壁爐堵住以防止進風)

buckle down
開始認真工作或努力做某事 (與 knuckle down 同義)
We had to buckle down and study for the exam. (我們必須開始好好唸書準備考試)

buckle under
屈服,屈從 (與 knuckle under 同義)
We didn't like the ideas, but had to buckle under or face the sack. (我們不喜歡這些構想,但不得不屈從,否則將面臨被解雇的命運)

buckle up
(在汽車、飛機等上) 繫好安全帶
The passengers were told to buckle up before take-off. (乘客被告知起飛前繫好安全帶)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
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book out; bow in; bow out; bow to; break for

book out
結帳或辦理手續離開旅館
We'd like to book out early in the morning. (我們想明天一早就辦理手續離開旅館)

bow * in
鞠躬引進;恭敬地迎入
The owner of the restaurant bowed them in when they arrived. (他們來到餐廳時,老闆恭敬地將他們迎了進去)

bow * out
鞠躬送出;鞠躬退出
The waiters bowed the customers out as they left. (客人離開時,服務生鞠躬送出)
When leaving the presence of the king, you have to bow yourself out as you go. (你離開國王御前時得鞠躬退出去)

bow out
退出 (比賽等);引退;退休
John bowed out of the competition because of unknown reasons. (約翰不知什麼原因退出了比賽)
Our chief executive officer has decided to bow out early. (我們執行長已決定提前引退)

bow to +
向 (重要人物) 鞠躬致敬;屈服;服從;順從
All the officials in the conference room bowed to the President as he entered. (總統進入會議室時,所有官員都向他鞠躬致敬)
The government bowed to pressure and held the bill back. (政府屈服於壓力,撤回法案)
We must bow to their wishes. (我們必須順從他們的願望)

break for +
(為了逃走而) 跑向;逃往
Cindy had to hold him back as he tried to break for the door. (當他衝向大門試圖逃走時,辛蒂不得不攔阻他)
The police are assuming they'll break for the border. (警方推定他們會逃往邊界)

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fearonomics

(名詞) 恐慌經濟學 - 恐慌與焦慮對經濟活動的負面影響;利用恐慌來銷售產品和服務。亦寫成 fear-onomics。這個字是由 fear + economics 拼綴而成。
fearonomic (adj.):恐慌經濟學的。

引句:
Here’s a fearonomics snapshot: Halloween spending has risen from $3.3 billion in 2005 to $6.9 billion in 2015, according to the NRF.
—Tim O'Shei & Alyssa Fisher, “Horror meets fearonomics: Why we celebrate Halloween,” Buffalo News, October 28, 2016

Acting on the lessons learned from previous outbreaks, domestic and global actors are well prepared to deal with an outbreak of Nipah virus in India. But they fail to recognize the impact of downstream “fearonomic effects”—the economic consequences resulting from hysteria outbreaks, and propelled by misinformation—that lead to irrational decision-making on the part of both individuals and states.
—“Event: Pandemonium—Risk Factors for Future Pandemics,” Global Public Policy Initiative, June 13, 2017

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/comeco_cont1.htm

runcommute

(名詞) 跑步通勤;跑步上下班。亦寫成 run-commuterun commute
runcommute (v.):跑步通勤;跑步上下班;runcommuter (or run commuter) (n.):跑步通勤者;跑步上下班的人。

引句:
Like our profiled runcommuter from earlier in the year, Julien Delange, James uses runcommuting to train for ultra distance trail races. …James says that runcommuting helps him leave work at a reasonable time; the knowledge that he’s going to run home gets him out the door of the office.
—Kate Livett, “The New Run Commuters—December 2016,” The Run Commuter, December 5, 2016

This is the beauty of the runcommute—on the days when you’re not thinking about pace you can enjoy the fact that the very act of runcommuting is the ultimate in multitasking. It encompasses training, transport, therapy and sightseeing all in one.
—“Make the most of your runcommute for spring marathons,” Iamrunbox, February 2, 2017

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/comeco_cont3.htm

belong to; bitch up; board out; board up; board with

belong to +
是 ... 的成員
What political party do you belong to? (你是哪個政黨的黨員?)

belong to +
屬於
Your idea belongs to the nineteenth century and seems old-fashioned now. (你的觀念屬於 19 世紀,現在似乎過時了)
These two smartphones belong to Peter. (這兩支智慧型手機都是彼得的)

bitch * up +
把 ... 弄糟/搞砸;破壞
I bitched the interview up. (我把面談搞砸了)

board * out +
安排 (人員、寵物) 在外住宿 (英)
We board our cat out with friends when we're away on holiday. (我們外出度假時都會把貓放在朋友那裡寄養)
The children were boarded out with their uncle when we went abroad. (我們出國時,孩子們被安排住在他們叔叔那裡)

board * up +
用木板封住或擋住 (門、窗)
They boarded up all the windows to stop people getting into the empty houses. (他們用木板封住所有窗戶以防人們進入空屋)
All the windows were boarded up. (所有窗戶都用木板封住了)

board with +
在 (某人處) 搭伙
Joan boarded with a Chinese family. (瓊安在一個華人家裡搭伙)

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/phrasalverbs/phrasalverbs-b.htm

chumbox

(名詞) 位在網頁本文最下方、看似內容連結的格狀廣告。這些內容連結使用聳動、震撼或誇張的圖文來吸引讀者點擊廣告。

引句:
Now, it’s hard to find a news page that doesn’t feature a chumbox, and several large advertisers, like Outbrain, use them extensively. “You see them on CNN, you see them on Fortune… they’re just everywhere — and clearly making a lot of money.”
—Nora Young, “Diving into internet ‘chum?’ Yes, it’s as bad as you’d expect.,” CBC Radio, October 9, 2016

Got a line on a small ad network with tasteful advertising? Do you have experience with online advertising and advice for me? Let’s talk. Chumbox providers need not apply.
—Jason Kottke, “Some site news: a (temporary) farewell to advertising,” kottke.org, April 3, 2017

Chumbox

格狀廣告 (chumbox)

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