greenflation

(名詞/不可數) 綠色通膨 - 邁向綠能經濟所造成的物價上漲。

引句:
Vaibhav Chaturvedi, a fellow at the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), sees "greenflation", or the costs associated with going green, as a concern, especially in the short-term. "Underlying commodity prices are rising everywhere in the world," he said. Prices of metals such as tin, aluminium, copper, nickel-cobalt have risen by up to 91 per cent this year. These metals are used in technologies that are a part of the energy transition.
[euronews.com, 22 November 2021]

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https://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/comeco_cont1.htm

digi-dog

(名詞/可數) 數位犬 - 被警方訓練來使用嗅覺找出罪犯使用過之數位裝置的狗隻。這個字是由 digital + dog 拼綴而成。

引句:
Whether it's a Sim card from a drug gang's burner phone, a key fob for a getaway car, a terrorist's mobile phone [or] a laptop in a fraud case … Jake and his fellow "digi-dogs" can sniff it out. "On every digital storage device there is a chemical that has a very specific scent," explains the instructor, one of three dog handlers who have been spearheading the Met's digi-dog training scheme.
[thetimes.co.uk, 12 December 2021]

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https://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/comp.htm

dial artist

(名詞/可數) 錶面藝術家 - 收費來為手錶的表面進行彩繪、雕刻等以使錶面具有獨特圖案的人。

引句:
It's hard to escape the current trend for personalisation … And now watches have got in on the act. When it comes to watch customisation there are two distinct routes: either go official and buy from a brand that is already offering the service, or go rogue and purchase from dealers and "dial artists" who can reinvent your Rolex and pimp your Patek so it's truly a one-off.
[thetimes.co.uk, 21 November 2021]

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https://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/misc.htm

carbon pawprint

(名詞/可數) 碳爪跡 - 養寵物相關活動對大氣所排放的二氧化碳數量的測量。Cf. carbon footprint (碳足跡 - 人類活動對大氣所排放的二氧化碳數量的測量)。

引句:
Our dogs' carbon pawprints are largely related to their diets, with carbon-intensive ingredients such as meat being the main contributing factor … It has been estimated that the carbon pawprint associated with owning a medium sized dog is roughly twice that of running a typical SUV car, and the dogs in the USA are responsible for emissions equivalent to 13 million cars, or 64 million tonnes of CO2 per year.
[vetchef.com, 9 March 2021]

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https://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/med.htm

supercold

(名詞/可數) 超級感冒 - 症狀比大多數感冒都要來得嚴重且往往被誤認為新冠肺炎 (Covid-19) 的感冒。

引句:
A pharmacy chain has released advice for people unsure whether they're suffering from coronavirus or a "supercold" … As the weather gets colder and winter approaches, there has been a surge in cold and flu cases. Some of these feel more aggressive than usual following last winter's Covid-19 restrictions, leading to the nickname "supercold".
[cambridge-news.co.uk, 13 November 2021]

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https://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/med_cont3.htm

overemployment

(名詞/不可數) 多重受雇 - 遠端工作者私底下擁有至少兩份全職工作的作法;由於每份工作都做到剛好足夠的時數,因此他們的雇主並未注意或發現到他們還有另外的工作。

引句:
The overemployment trend has gained steam with the rise of remote work, which has often meant less employer supervision of workers. This means that juggling multiple jobs in secret is usually more feasible for wealthy, white-collar workers since their work can frequently be done remotely, which isn’t often the case for blue-collar workers.
[uk.news.yahoo.com, 17 November 2021]

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the Great Resignation

(名詞/單數) 大離職潮 - 2020 和 2021 年期間就業市場離職人數較平常高出許多的趨勢。

引句:
More people are quitting their jobs, and it could shake the world of work forever. But are we making incorrect generalisations about the Great Resignation? Workers are quitting their jobs. A lot of them. So many, in fact, we’re still smack in the middle of the so-called Great Resignation … There are several reasons why workers are walking away – poor working conditions, fears of contracting Covid-19 and existential epiphanies among them.
[bbc.com/worklife, 29 October 2021]

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https://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/comeco_cont3.htm

probiotic architecture

(名詞/不可數) 益生菌建築- 設計及興建出來的建築物能提供有益身體健康之好菌的建築技術。

引句:
Richard Beckett is a researcher working in bio-augmented design … His vision is to create buildings which – like the human body – could allow specific microbial communities (also known as ‘the microbiome’) to grow on them and in turn help us to fight infectious disease … He calls the concept “probiotic architecture”. “These indoor microbiomes can influence our health,” says Richard, “and I’m interested in how we might design buildings and their microbiomes to make buildings healthy and more resilient.”
[ribaj.com, 19 January 2021]

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https://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/misc_cont3.htm

killware

(名詞/不可數) 傷害程式 - 一種被非法用來攻擊某人的電腦系統且主要目的在造成人員身體受傷的電腦程式。

根據報導,幸運的是,截至目前傷害程式還沒有成功的案例。它的英文名稱聽起來有點言過其實或過份渲染,或許目前的情況確實如此。然而,實際上,駭客不僅有辦法在精神上傷害我們,也能在身體上傷害我們。

引句:
Unlike malware and ransomware, whose sole purpose is financial gain for the attackers, killware has only one goal – causing physical harm. The name killware appeared in the media after the highly publicized cyberattack on a water plant in Oldsmar, Florida … Fortunately, no killware attack has been successful so far. The moniker itself sounds a bit overhyped, and that might be true at the moment. But the reality is that hackers have a way of not only hurting us emotionally but also physically.
[dailyhawker.com, 26 October 2021]

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blue food

(名詞/不可數) 藍色食物 - 來自海洋的食物,如魚、蝦、蟹、貝類和海菜。

引句:
Recently, however, calls have emerged not for less fishing, but more, under the banner of a new term encompassing all seafood and aquaculture products: "blue food." The Blue Food Alliance, launched ahead of the UN Food Systems Summit, has brought together academics, policymakers, and corporate donors focused on increasing the consumption of sustainable seafood.
[wired.com, 24 October 2021]

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