fast-food zoning

(名詞) 速食分區法:目的在阻止速食餐廳 (fast-food restaurant) 或速食店 (fast-food eatery) 在某地區或社區設立的法律。

在美國,繼櫃臺點餐的速食餐廳和外帶餐廳 (takeout restaurant 或簡稱 takeout) 崛起之後,為了區別,一般有餐桌服務 (table service) 的餐廳乃被稱為 sit-down restaurant (引句中也有提到)。 sit-down restaurant 通常被歸類為「家庭式」(family-style) 或「正式的」(formal) 餐廳。在英式英語中,restaurant 這個名詞幾乎都是指有餐桌服務的餐廳,所以未必需要 "sit-down" 來限定;英國的速食店和外帶飲食店 (takeaway outlet -- 外帶餐館在英國叫做 takeaway,在美國叫做 takeout 或 carryout,但後者較少見) 通常不被稱為 restaurant。

引句:
In an effort to provide residents with more nutritious choices, the L.A. City Council adopted landmark legislation in July mandating a one-year moratorium on the building of new fast-food eateries in a 32-square-mile area. (Fast-food zoning exists in other cities but is based on aesthetic considerations, not health factors.) According to Jan Perry, a council member who co-sponsored the bill and whose district is part of South L.A., the idea is to freeze fast-food development so that sit-down restaurants and quality-food markets will build in the area. 'When every corner is taken up with fast food,' Perry says, 'there's no room for anyone else.'
—Steven Kurutz, "Fast-Food Zoning," The New York Times, December 14, 2008

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set in; set off; set out; set up; settle down; settle for; settle in

set in
(壞天氣或不好的季節) 開始,來臨
Winter has set in; it's started snowing.

set * off +
使爆炸,點燃
Terrorists set off a car bomb in the city centre last night. Fortunately, no one was hurt or killed.

set * off +
觸發 (警報);引起 (機械反應)
The smoke set the fire alarm off.

set off
出發,啟程,動身
We set off for work at seven-thirty.

set * off +
抵銷 (債務),使平衡
The company set off its overseas debts against its profits at home.

set * out +
陳列,呈現,展示
The figures are set out in the council's annual report.

set out
動身,啟程,出發
The explorers set out for the South Pole yesterday morning.

set * up
安排男女見面認識
My mom set me up with her friend's son.

set * up
陷害
I don't think he killed those men. Somebody set him up.

set up +
安排 (約會,會議,會面等)
I set up an appointment with my doctor at 3:30 this afternoon.

set * up +
安裝 (軟體、設備等)
The technician set up the computer network perfectly.

set * up +
設立,開辦,創辦,創立 (公司,組織,機構等)
They set up a dot com company, floated it a couple of years later on the Stock Exchange and made an absolute fortune.

settle down
定居,成家,安定下來,安下心來
After years of partying and drinking, she finally got married and settled down.

settle for +
勉強接受...,勉強做...,將就著同意...
We were upset not to win and had to settle for the second prize.

settle in
(使) 習慣於...;(使) 適應於...
It took him a while to settle in when he moved to Japan.

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yarn bombing

(名詞) 針織塗鴉:秘密或未經授權就將針織品套在或置於雕像、電線桿、燈柱或其他公共建築結構上或當場將紗線針織在這些結構上的行徑。
-- yarn bomb (動詞):針織塗鴉。
-- yarn bomber (名詞):針織塗鴉客。

這是歐美越來越盛行的一種次文化;相較於一般令人反感的塗鴉,這種使用紗線 (yarn) 針織而成的作品來進行的「塗鴉」(bombing -- 這裡不能叫做轟炸,因為它與炸彈完全無關),卻予人一種溫暖、柔和的感覺 (見文末附圖)。由於針織塗鴉潮流方興未艾,相關報導也越來越多,相關網站也紛紛設立 (見引句中所列的網站),甚至有人打算出書來談論針織塗鴉;從引句中加拿大《環球郵報》的報導可知,Moore 和 Prain 這兩位女士預定今秋出版一本名為「Yarn Bombing: The Art of Knit Graffiti」《針織塗鴉:針織塗鴉藝術》的書。

引句:
The street-knitting scene has gotten so knotty that Ms. Moore and Ms. Prain are writing a tell-all book about their hobby. Published by Arsenal Pulp Press, Yarn Bombing: The Art of Knit Graffiti is set for release this fall.

The duo, who met four years ago at a stitch 'n' bitch, say yarn bombing has gone viral on the Internet.

After "tagging" a park bench or street lamp, guerrilla knitters document their exploits on blogs and websites such as Knittups.se and Knittaplease.com.
—Adriana Barton, "Yarn bombers cozy up to the urban landscape," The Globe and Mail, January 30, 2009

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yarn bombing
yarn bombing

(圖片來源 – 上圖:Knittaplease.com 下圖:Knittups.se)

framily

(名詞) 一個人最親近的朋友,尤指那些覺得好像是家庭一份子的人。這個字是由 friends 和 family 拼綴而成。

引句:
It was no surprise then that a recent study concluded that 67 per cent of us consider our pals to be just as important as our extended families. Now that relatives are often spread across the country or the globe, we are replacing traditional relations with friends, coining a new term for our collective chumfest — "framilies".
—Shari Low, "Someone tell Paris girl pals are forever," Daily Record, October 16, 2008

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Woman's record-length fingernails broken in crash/女子世界最長的指甲在車禍中斷裂

Lee Redmond shows off her fingernails in Salt Lake City, Aug. 8, 2006.A Utah woman listed in the Guinness Book of World Records for her long fingernails has lost them in a car crash. Lee Redmond of Salt Lake City sustained serious but non-life-threatening injuries in the accident.

Redmond's nails, which hadn't been cut since 1979, were broken in the crash. According to the Guinness Web site, her nails measured a total of more than 28 feet long in 2008, with the longest nail on her right thumb at 2 feet, 11 inches.

Salt Lake County Sheriff's Lt. Don Hutson says Redmond was ejected from an SUV in the crash and taken to the hospital in serious condition.

Redmond has been featured on TV in episodes of "Guinness Book of World Records" and "Ripley's Believe It or Not." (AP)

字詞解析

Guinness Book of World Records – (n.) 金氏世界記錄書。

sustain – (v.) 遭受,蒙受。

non-life-threatening – (adj.) 沒有生命危險的。

eject – (v.) 彈出。

SUV – (n.) sports-utility vehicle,休旅車。

feature (sth1/sb in sth2) – (v.) 在 (sth2) 中展示 (sth1/sb)。

Ripley's Believe It Or Not! (Odditorium) -- (n.) 黎普立信不信由你 (奇人異事錧)。黎普立信不信由你奇人異事錧,是以美國記者、藝術家、探險家、收藏家 Robert Ripley 為名的博物館,專門收集和展示世界奇人異事的資料。黎普立被稱為現代馬可波羅,他一生中總共到過198個國家,旅行的距離足以環繞地球18周;他在1933年芝加哥世界博覽會推出「奇人異事館」,吸引了近 200萬人參觀。現今全球的黎普立信不信由你奇人異事館每年仍吸引數以百萬計的參觀人潮。

延伸閱讀:新聞英語的語法結構

stealth shopper

(名詞) 隱形購物者:1. 秘密購物以避免炫耀財富或俾對配偶隱瞞花費的人;2. 購買看似不貴的昂貴商品的人。
-- stealth shopping (現在分詞):隱形購物。

引句:
But such obvious excess is seriously frowned upon now. The shopaholic is now a "recessionista," proudly wearing last year's "It" item and claiming that not only is it years old, but she got it at Winners.

The entire language of fashion is shifting, and the new frugality is dictating the vernacular.

The shopaholic, fashion victim or fashion-lover is now a "stealth shopper."
—Tracy Nesdoly, "Confessions of a stealth shopper," The Toronto Star, February 5, 2009

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run after; run against; run along; run in; run into; run on

run after +
追趕,追逐 (某人,某物)
The police ran after the guy who'd stolen it, but he was too fast for them.

run after +
追求 (異性)
He was running after her for ages but never managed to get a date.

run against +
(美) 與 (某人) 在競選中角逐
Gore ran against Bush in the 2000 elections in the U.S.A.

run against +
反對
Opinion is running against his policies and he has very little support.

run along
走開,離開 (常用作祈使句)
They kept disturbing him, so he told them to run along and leave him in peace.
Run along, I'm busy now.

run * in +
逮捕;把 (某人) 帶回警局偵訊
They ran him in last night.

run * in +
(小心地) 駕駛新車 (以免損壞引擎)
She ran the car in for a thousand miles.

run in
偶然造訪
We ran in and chatted for an hour.

run * in +
把 (某物) 插入 (某物)
He ran a graph in next to the text.

run into +
不期而遇;偶然碰見
I ran into my English teacher at the movies last night. She's so nice!

run into +
花費;累計達到 (某金額、數量)
The project has run into millions of dollars without any prospect of a return on this investment.

run on +
靠...運轉 、運行
The van runs on diesel.

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HENRY

(名詞) 高收入但還不富有的人。這個字是 High Earner, Not Rich Yet 的頭字語 (acronym)。既然是高收入,為何還不富有呢? 因為這些人要償還先前在名校接受高等教育的學生貸款,繳納鉅額所得稅 (在美國,高收入高課稅),購屋置產或支付子女龐大的教育經費。根據一項新聞報導,HENRY 是指年收入至少 25 萬美元但資產淨值尚未累積到至少 300 萬美元的人。

引句:
'My bonus is 'shameful' — but I worked hard to get it,' said John Konstantinidis, a wholesale insurance broker, lunching Friday at Harry's at Hanover Square.

'I'm a HENRY,' Mr. Konstantinidis added. 'High Earner but Not Rich Yet.'
—Alan Feuer and Karen Zraick, "It's Theirs and They're Not Apologizing," The New York Times, January 31, 2009

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