wokeness

(名詞) 對社會正義問題極為瞭解且非常敏感的狀況。這個字的形容詞為 woke,意為「對社會正義問題極為瞭解且非常敏感的」,其比較級和最高級分別為 wokerwokest。注意:woke 在此並非 wake 的過去式。

引句:
When it comes to wokeness, few are woker than Jesse Williams, a Grey’s Anatomy actor and activist who has used the spotlight to bring awareness to issues of racial and social justice, particularly the Black Lives Matter movement (the subject of a documentary he executive produced called Stay Woke).
—Nicole Silverberg, “Watch Jesse Williams Deliver the Best Speech of the BET Awards,” GQ, June 27, 2016

Coupled with Riverdale’s edginess and extreme self-awareness is its intense wokeness. I’m not just talking about the fact that the show has been on the right side of representation by portraying non-White versions of Josie, Reggie, Dilton, and Veronica….I’m talking about the show’s awareness of Black cultural and social issues as well as its representation of Black characters.
—Monique Jones, “‘Riverdale’s’ Woke Report Card: Does the Drama Get Its Black Characters Right?,” Ebony, March 30, 2017

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hatfishing

(動名詞/現在分詞) 戴帽子來遮掩禿頭或後移的髮際線 (receding hairline) 以矇騙約會對象。
hatfish (v.);hatfish (n.)

引句:
As we approach 2017, dating around literally couldn’t be any harder. What with catfishing, hatfishing, and bold face liars the pool gets shallower by the day.
—Isis Nezbeth, “The One Thing Women Fail To Realize About The Men We Fall For,” Thought Catalog, December 4, 2016

When the internet talks about hatfishing, it’s regarded as a male analogue to women who overdo makeup. The idea is that both sexes use some form of trickery to misrepresent who they are underneath.
—Jason Chen, “If You’ve Never Seen the Top of Your Tinder Date’s Head, Perhaps You’re Being Hatfished,” The Cut, August 23, 2017

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cryomation

(名詞) 冰葬 - 將遺體放入攝氏零下 196 度的液態氮 (liquid nitrogen) 中急速冷凍、乾燥並粉化。這是近年來國外殯葬業積極推動的一種嶄新的下葬方式,過程不僅快速、費用低廉,而且最重要的是對環境友善。經過機器粉化的骨灰在取出任何金屬物 (如假牙或其他植入物) 之後還可當植物的肥料,對環保做出貢獻。

Cryomation 原為一家同名公司已取得專利的下葬方式,又叫做 promession。這個字是由 cryogenic (低溫的) + cremation (火葬、火化) 拼綴而成。

引句:
Cryomation or promession is a novel technique that involves immersing a body in liquid nitrogen down to a temperate of -196ºC at which point it becomes extremely brittle. Pressure then fragments the body into small particles allowing for the removal of any surgical implants and other foreign material.
—Matthew Vella, “If not six feet under, then freeze-dried or liquefied…,” Malta Today, April 23, 2014

But trends in the funeral industry are beginning to shift as new and reconceived rituals, designed to be more culturally and environmentally sustainable, come into public awareness.

“We’re hearing these new words starting to emerge from the field; one is aquamation, a cremation done with water,” explains Dr Interlandi.

“Or you’ve got cryomation, where the body is actually submerged in liquid nitrogen and crushed afterwards.”
—Siobhan Hegarty, “This fashion designer makes clothes for dead bodies,” ABC News, September 10, 2017

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situationship

(名詞) 兩個人之間比純友誼更親密一些、但還稱不上是愛情的關係。這個字是由 situation + relationship 拼綴而成。

引句:
I have a disconcerting habit of keeping some people around longer than I should. So it’s sadly no surprise that I stayed in a “situationship” that looked like a committed relationship, but wasn’t, for way too long.
—Erica R. William, “Settling For A Situationship: Why I Spent Two Years Of My Life With An In-The-Meantime Man,” Madame Noire, January 19, 2016

For all the boyfriends that were never really my boyfriend, past hookups and their mealy scars of things left unsaid, there was now a clever umbrella term: situationships. And getting involved in a situationship might be the worst thing you can do to yourself.
—Carina Hsieh, “Is the ‘Situationship’ Ruining Modern Romance?,” Cosmopolitan, May 1, 2017

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fatberg

(名詞) (下水道的) 巨型油脂塊;油脂山 - 民眾將廚餘、濕紙巾、尿布、排泄物及其他廢物直接倒入水溝或馬桶的結果,因積存多時而凝固成塊狀,看起來跟水泥塊沒什麼區別。這個字是由 fat (脂肪) + iceberg (冰山) 拼綴而成。

引句:
Enormous clusters of wet wipes are creating “fatbergs” that are clogging up sewer pipes across NSW, including a one-tonne cluster that blew out a pumping station near Lake Macquarie.
—Gabriel Wingate-Pearse & Glen Humphries, “Fatbergs: One tonne balls of wet wipes and fat block sewers,” The Sydney Morning Herald, February 25, 2016

First, someone might pour molten turkey fat down a drain. A few blocks away, someone else might flush a wet wipe down a toilet. When the two meet in a dank sewer pipe, a baby fatberg is born.
—Erika Engelhaupt, “Huge Blobs of Fat and Trash Are Filling the World’s Sewers,” National Geographic, August 16, 2017

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fatberg

witness tree

(名詞) 見證樹 - 非常古老的樹,尤指曾經「見證」重要歷史事件的樹。

引句:
Many tourists come to the Laurel Hill Cemetery, and they loved the tree because it was one of those that touched history; it was alive when famous figures from the past were alive,“ said Civil War author and historian Andy Waskie…” Many battlefields, such as Gettysburg, have ‘witness trees,’ which survived the fighting and are honored.
—Edward Colimore, “Laurel Hill Cemetery’s legendary ‘witness tree’ is felled,” The Inquirer (Philadelphia), May 29, 2016

Today, only four trees survive from Washington’s time—he died at Mount Vernon in 1799….No one is more aware of the mortality of the witness trees near the mansion than Joel King, a Mount Vernon gardener who is on a mission to propagate them.
—Adrian Higgins, “This gardener is working to preserve George Washington’s last surviving trees,” The Washington Post, February 20, 2017

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tree blindness

(名詞) 對生活環境中的樹木視而不見;無視生活環境中樹木的存在。
tree blind (v.):對周遭的樹木視而不見;無視周遭樹木的存在。

引句:
He laments that in big cities, children or even their parents have never scaled or felt trees. He chooses to call this phenomenon in urban areas, ‘tree blindness’. “People have this habit of ignoring the presence of trees around them,” said Khanna, who lives in New Friends Colony with his parents and younger sister.
—Vatsala Shrangi, “S Delhi resident revives the art of tree climbing in cities,” Hindustan Times, May 23, 2016

There was a time when knowing your trees was a matter of life and death, because you needed to know which ones were strong enough to support a house and which ones would feed you through the winter. Now most of us walk around, to adapt a term devised by some botanists, tree blind. But here’s the good news: Tree blindness can be cured.
—Gabriel Popkin, “Cure Yourself of Tree Blindness,” The New York Times, August 26, 2017

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neighbor spoofing

(動名詞/現在分詞) 以看似本地號碼的電話所打的詐騙電話 (scam call, scam phone call)。亦可用 neighboring 來表示相同的意思。英式拼法為 neighbour spoofingneighbouring。Spoof (v., n.) 意為「詐騙,行騙,欺騙」。

引句:
Apparently, the scammer used a technique called “neighbor spoofing.” The caller ID of such calls matches the area code and the first three digits of the recipient’s phone number, which is more likely to be answered than calls that simply match the area code.
—Rob LeFebvre, “FCC may fine robocall spammer $120 million for illegal spoofing,” Engadget, June 22, 2017

There are now a billion robocalls going to cellphones and landlines every month. Many of them look like they’re from your neighbor. It’s not really your neighbor, of course. It’s neighbor spoofing — which means using the internet to make it look like a scammer (who could be anywhere in the world) is calling from your area.
—Sally Helm & Kenny Malone, “Episode 789: Robocall Invasion,” NPR, August 18, 2017

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soft robotics

(名詞) 軟性機器人學;軟性機器人技術。軟性機器人是指用軟性、柔韌或有延展性的材料所做成的機器人。
soft robotic (adj.):軟性機器人的;軟性機器人學的
soft robot (n.):軟性機器人

引句:
The researchers planted a soft controller in the Octobot’s body that shunts liquid hydrogen peroxide through platinum reaction chambers, turning the fluid fuel to oxygen gas and water vapor. The gas pumps up the legs though tiny channels running from the body, making the gummy tentacles twitch—a big step in soft robotics.
—Kata Karáth, “The future of soft robotics: a 3D-printed, farting, gummy octopus,” Quartz, August 25, 2016

How will these robots appear in our lives and how will we interact, and live, with them? We can foresee smart skins, assist and medical devices, biodegradable and environmental robots or intelligent soft robots. For example, the compliance of soft robotics makes them ideally suited for direct interaction with biological tissue.
—Jonathan Rossiter, “Robotics, Smart Materials, and their Future Impact for Humans,” MIT Technology Review, April 6, 2017

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fearonomics

(名詞) 恐慌經濟學 - 恐慌與焦慮對經濟活動的負面影響;利用恐慌來銷售產品和服務。亦寫成 fear-onomics。這個字是由 fear + economics 拼綴而成。
fearonomic (adj.):恐慌經濟學的。

引句:
Here’s a fearonomics snapshot: Halloween spending has risen from $3.3 billion in 2005 to $6.9 billion in 2015, according to the NRF.
—Tim O'Shei & Alyssa Fisher, “Horror meets fearonomics: Why we celebrate Halloween,” Buffalo News, October 28, 2016

Acting on the lessons learned from previous outbreaks, domestic and global actors are well prepared to deal with an outbreak of Nipah virus in India. But they fail to recognize the impact of downstream “fearonomic effects”—the economic consequences resulting from hysteria outbreaks, and propelled by misinformation—that lead to irrational decision-making on the part of both individuals and states.
—“Event: Pandemonium—Risk Factors for Future Pandemics,” Global Public Policy Initiative, June 13, 2017

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