witness tree

(名詞) 見證樹 - 非常古老的樹,尤指曾經「見證」重要歷史事件的樹。

引句:
Many tourists come to the Laurel Hill Cemetery, and they loved the tree because it was one of those that touched history; it was alive when famous figures from the past were alive,“ said Civil War author and historian Andy Waskie…” Many battlefields, such as Gettysburg, have ‘witness trees,’ which survived the fighting and are honored.
—Edward Colimore, “Laurel Hill Cemetery’s legendary ‘witness tree’ is felled,” The Inquirer (Philadelphia), May 29, 2016

Today, only four trees survive from Washington’s time—he died at Mount Vernon in 1799….No one is more aware of the mortality of the witness trees near the mansion than Joel King, a Mount Vernon gardener who is on a mission to propagate them.
—Adrian Higgins, “This gardener is working to preserve George Washington’s last surviving trees,” The Washington Post, February 20, 2017

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tree blindness

(名詞) 對生活環境中的樹木視而不見;無視生活環境中樹木的存在。
tree blind (v.):對周遭的樹木視而不見;無視周遭樹木的存在。

引句:
He laments that in big cities, children or even their parents have never scaled or felt trees. He chooses to call this phenomenon in urban areas, ‘tree blindness’. “People have this habit of ignoring the presence of trees around them,” said Khanna, who lives in New Friends Colony with his parents and younger sister.
—Vatsala Shrangi, “S Delhi resident revives the art of tree climbing in cities,” Hindustan Times, May 23, 2016

There was a time when knowing your trees was a matter of life and death, because you needed to know which ones were strong enough to support a house and which ones would feed you through the winter. Now most of us walk around, to adapt a term devised by some botanists, tree blind. But here’s the good news: Tree blindness can be cured.
—Gabriel Popkin, “Cure Yourself of Tree Blindness,” The New York Times, August 26, 2017

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neighbor spoofing

(動名詞/現在分詞) 以看似本地號碼的電話所打的詐騙電話 (scam call, scam phone call)。亦可用 neighboring 來表示相同的意思。英式拼法為 neighbour spoofingneighbouring。Spoof (v., n.) 意為「詐騙,行騙,欺騙」。

引句:
Apparently, the scammer used a technique called “neighbor spoofing.” The caller ID of such calls matches the area code and the first three digits of the recipient’s phone number, which is more likely to be answered than calls that simply match the area code.
—Rob LeFebvre, “FCC may fine robocall spammer $120 million for illegal spoofing,” Engadget, June 22, 2017

There are now a billion robocalls going to cellphones and landlines every month. Many of them look like they’re from your neighbor. It’s not really your neighbor, of course. It’s neighbor spoofing — which means using the internet to make it look like a scammer (who could be anywhere in the world) is calling from your area.
—Sally Helm & Kenny Malone, “Episode 789: Robocall Invasion,” NPR, August 18, 2017

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soft robotics

(名詞) 軟性機器人學;軟性機器人技術。軟性機器人是指用軟性、柔韌或有延展性的材料所做成的機器人。
soft robotic (adj.):軟性機器人的;軟性機器人學的
soft robot (n.):軟性機器人

引句:
The researchers planted a soft controller in the Octobot’s body that shunts liquid hydrogen peroxide through platinum reaction chambers, turning the fluid fuel to oxygen gas and water vapor. The gas pumps up the legs though tiny channels running from the body, making the gummy tentacles twitch—a big step in soft robotics.
—Kata Karáth, “The future of soft robotics: a 3D-printed, farting, gummy octopus,” Quartz, August 25, 2016

How will these robots appear in our lives and how will we interact, and live, with them? We can foresee smart skins, assist and medical devices, biodegradable and environmental robots or intelligent soft robots. For example, the compliance of soft robotics makes them ideally suited for direct interaction with biological tissue.
—Jonathan Rossiter, “Robotics, Smart Materials, and their Future Impact for Humans,” MIT Technology Review, April 6, 2017

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fearonomics

(名詞) 恐慌經濟學 - 恐慌與焦慮對經濟活動的負面影響;利用恐慌來銷售產品和服務。亦寫成 fear-onomics。這個字是由 fear + economics 拼綴而成。
fearonomic (adj.):恐慌經濟學的。

引句:
Here’s a fearonomics snapshot: Halloween spending has risen from $3.3 billion in 2005 to $6.9 billion in 2015, according to the NRF.
—Tim O'Shei & Alyssa Fisher, “Horror meets fearonomics: Why we celebrate Halloween,” Buffalo News, October 28, 2016

Acting on the lessons learned from previous outbreaks, domestic and global actors are well prepared to deal with an outbreak of Nipah virus in India. But they fail to recognize the impact of downstream “fearonomic effects”—the economic consequences resulting from hysteria outbreaks, and propelled by misinformation—that lead to irrational decision-making on the part of both individuals and states.
—“Event: Pandemonium—Risk Factors for Future Pandemics,” Global Public Policy Initiative, June 13, 2017

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runcommute

(名詞) 跑步通勤;跑步上下班。亦寫成 run-commuterun commute
runcommute (v.):跑步通勤;跑步上下班;runcommuter (or run commuter) (n.):跑步通勤者;跑步上下班的人。

引句:
Like our profiled runcommuter from earlier in the year, Julien Delange, James uses runcommuting to train for ultra distance trail races. …James says that runcommuting helps him leave work at a reasonable time; the knowledge that he’s going to run home gets him out the door of the office.
—Kate Livett, “The New Run Commuters—December 2016,” The Run Commuter, December 5, 2016

This is the beauty of the runcommute—on the days when you’re not thinking about pace you can enjoy the fact that the very act of runcommuting is the ultimate in multitasking. It encompasses training, transport, therapy and sightseeing all in one.
—“Make the most of your runcommute for spring marathons,” Iamrunbox, February 2, 2017

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chumbox

(名詞) 位在網頁本文最下方、看似內容連結的格狀廣告。這些內容連結使用聳動、震撼或誇張的圖文來吸引讀者點擊廣告。

引句:
Now, it’s hard to find a news page that doesn’t feature a chumbox, and several large advertisers, like Outbrain, use them extensively. “You see them on CNN, you see them on Fortune… they’re just everywhere — and clearly making a lot of money.”
—Nora Young, “Diving into internet ‘chum?’ Yes, it’s as bad as you’d expect.,” CBC Radio, October 9, 2016

Got a line on a small ad network with tasteful advertising? Do you have experience with online advertising and advice for me? Let’s talk. Chumbox providers need not apply.
—Jason Kottke, “Some site news: a (temporary) farewell to advertising,” kottke.org, April 3, 2017

Chumbox

格狀廣告 (chumbox)

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racecation

(名詞) 將參加賽跑 - 如馬拉松或鐵人三項 (游泳、單車、賽跑三項全能賽) - 和度假結合在一起的旅遊。亦寫成 race-cation。這個字是由 race + vacation 拼綴而成。

引句:
The group is part of a trend of people taking “racecations” — trips built around participation in events ranging from traditional marathons to mud-spattered obstacle courses.
—Dana McMahan, “Race Vacations Offer Rewards Beyond the Finish Line,” NBC News, August 11, 2014

I just got back from a mini racecation. I thought I’d share the things that I always forget and the things I never forget to create the ultimate packing list for a racecation!
—“The Fool-Proof Packing List For Your Next Race,” Women’s Running, March 23, 2016

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technology doping

(名詞) 服用科技禁藥 - 利用科技來改善運動設備或器材而給予運動員不公平或違法的競爭優勢。亦寫成 tech-dopingtechno-dopinghigh-tech doping

引句:
“The best way you can get a quick little boost is by taking some form of anabolic whatever-the-heck, but what we’re seeing in the amputee classification predominantly is what we’re referring to as tech-doping: technology doping,“ Prince said. ”Guys that were previously not competitive are now competitive only because they gave themselves extra blade height.“
—Joe Lemire, “Tech doping: How paralympic sprinters cheat,” The Week, September 13, 2016

Yet the analogy between gaining an advantage from drugs versus an advantage gained from technology is one that has been drawn frequently enough to lead to the coining of the term ‘technology doping’.
—Rosie Duckworth, “The Unbroken 2: A Pair of Nikes, An Unofficial Record, And The Age-Old Question Of Technology’s Place In Sport,” The National Law Review, May 11, 2017

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text neck

(名詞) 簡訊頸 - 過度低頭或長時間低頭來收發簡訊或使用行動裝置做其他事情所引起的肩頸酸痛。亦寫成 texter's necktexting neck

引句:

What if I told you that a major problem that 99.99 percent of people face can’t be fixed at the gym or the health food store. You can stop it by NOT leaning forward. That’s right! Don’t “lean in.” As most people are constantly on social media, and mobile apps, there’s an increase in “Text Neck.”
—Dr. Rashad Sanford, “Essay: Could ‘Text Neck’ Be The New Arthritis,” NBC News, January 12, 2016

Lanman and Cuellar suggest simple lifestyle changes to relieve the stress from the ‘text neck’ posture. They recommend holding cell phones in front of the face, or near eye level, while texting. They also suggest using two hands and two thumbs to create a more symmetrical and comfortable position for the spine.
—“Could phones change the way our spines curve? Scientists warn an entire generation is plagued by ‘text neck’,” Daily Mail, April 14, 2017

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