shade balls

(名詞) 塑膠遮陽球。

註:2015 年 8 月間,洛杉磯市政府把近億顆 (9,600 萬顆) 黑色塑膠遮陽球倒入水庫來覆蓋水面,讓外界頗感好奇。原來這樣做的目的是為了防止水庫的水分蒸發、滋生水藻,同時保持水源不受鳥糞等的污染,就連太陽照射引發的化學變化也可以減輕。

據悉,洛杉磯曾發現當地飲用水有污染的疑慮,因為水中的溴化物含量高,這類物質常見於地下水中,溴化物若碰上為消毒而加入的氯並經過太陽照射後,就會轉變成疑似致癌物「溴酸鹽」。

引句:
Called shade balls, 80 million of the hollow black orbs are needed to cover the reservoirs in Los Angeles to stop sunlight from triggering a potentially dangerous chemical reaction between bromite, which occurs naturally in groundwater, and the chlorine used to disinfect drinking water.
—Catherine Kavanaugh, "Plastic balls protect California reservoirs," PlasticsNews, January 3, 2014

The EPA mandates that all reservoirs be covered, but because tarps can be expensive and metal coverings can take too long to install, shade balls — at least in Los Angeles — are becoming a preferred method.
—Laura Wagner, "LA Rolls Out Water-Saving 'Shade Balls'," NPR, August 11, 2015

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洛杉磯市政府把近億顆黑色塑膠遮陽球倒入水庫

(圖片來源:YouTube 影片截圖)

洛杉磯市政府把近億顆黑色塑膠遮陽球倒入水庫
(圖片來源:BloombergBusiness 網站)

silver alert

(名詞) 銀髮族 (尤指罹患癡呆症或阿茲海默症等認知功能障礙的老年人) 走失的大眾通報系統。

引句:
Mr. Casey, who sits on the Senate Special Committee on Aging, said the issue of seniors suffering from dementia who wander off is a growing problem as Americans age and more seniors are cared for at home. He held a news conference Friday at United Neighborhood Centers of Northeastern Pennsylvania's West Scranton Senior Center to discuss creating a "Silver Alert," which would inform law enforcement and the public when a senior goes missing.
—David Falchek, "Casey: 'Silver Alert' needed to protect seniors with dementia," The Scranton Times-Tribune, February 1, 2014

As six out of 10 people with dementia are apt to wander, the county is expanding its Alert San Diego system to notify residents of specific areas when someone is missing. The so-called "Silver Alerts" will make reverse 9-1-1 calls to the estimated 375,000 people registered with the system.
—Michele Parente, "Alzheimer's Project takes shape," The San Diego Union-Tribune, July 6, 2015

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distraction addict

(名詞) 容易分心且經常分心而忘了手邊工作的人。亦寫成 distraction-addict
distraction addiction (名詞):容易分心;經常分心。

引句:
Over the past few weeks I've been trying to let myself be bored, and to note the type. A confirmed distraction addict, I often found it torturous, but at times surprisingly rewarding.
—Kate Bussmann, "Is boredom good for you?," The Telegraph, June 1, 2014

There is definitely a correlation between my digital activity and my stress and anxiety levels. And I do more than ever to keep the latter in check: massages, reflexology, yoga, acupuncture, exec coaching — oh, and lots of wine and off-loading to friends. One thing I haven't yet tried is a digital detox. But the truth is: I am addicted. I find myself craving distraction. I'm a distraction addict and digital is my drug.
—Amanda Davie, "Is our digital behaviour causing bad behaviour?," The Drum, March 13, 2015

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gateway vegetable

(名詞) 入門蔬菜 - 一種美味可口的蔬菜,長期食用會激勵食用者更大膽地吃其他蔬菜。cf. gateway drug (入門毒品)。

引句:
Healthy eating and weight loss requires vegetables. There's no way around it. Some of us would rather fill our plates with meat and bread. If you discover a "gateway vegetable" you'll start eating them more often.
—Dave Greenbaum, "Discover Your 'Gateway Vegetable' To Start Eating Healthier," Lifehacker Australia, October 12, 2014

We call pea shoots the "gateway vegetable," because when we grow them in the classroom, children just eat them by the fistful until green juice is running down their faces.
—Emily Armstrong, "Harvest of the Month: Pea shoots," Martha's Vineyard Times, February 23, 2015

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hyperpalatable

(形容詞) 極度美味可口的,(尤指含有脂肪、糖和鹽之混合物的食物) 好吃得讓人上癮的。亦寫成 hyper-palatable

引句:
The Western world's obesity problem is driven by sugar and saturated fats, which — as my colleague Damian Thompson would tell you — stimulate the brain's reward system just as opioids and other drugs do. The so-called hyperpalatable foods, those loaded with fat, sugar and salt, can cause compulsive behaviour in a way that is very comparable to drug addiction (if you've quit booze for January, you might notice that you're eating more chocolate, to get the sugar fix usually provided by wine).
—Tom Chivers, "Sugar addiction: The best way to increase human freedom may be stricter laws," The Telegraph (London), January 9, 2014

The media have become masters at packaging stimuli in ways that our brains find irresistible, just as food engineers have become expert in creating "hyperpalatable foods by manipulating levels of sugar, fat, and salt." Distractibility might be regarded as the mental equivalent of obesity.
—Matthew Crawford, "The World Beyond Your Head," Farrar, Straus and Giroux, March 31, 2015

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fassage

(名詞) 包括做臉 (facial) 和全身按摩 (full-body massage) 在內的溫泉療法 (spa treatment)。這個字是由 facial + massage 拼綴而成。

引句:
One of their more distinct services, Fassage, combines a full-body massage with a classic facial all in the comfort of one room ($164).
—Catherine Del Casale, "Coastal Fashion: Rehab for the Soul at Spa Gregorie's," Newport Beach Independent, November 27, 2014

Already feeling pretty Zen, I zombie-walked into the relaxation area and to a private room to try a Fassage, whatever that was. Apparently, it's the single most blissful experience one human can apply to another.
—James Diana, "A girly spa from a man's point of view," Orlando Business Journal, March 4, 2015

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coldscape

(名詞) 用來準備、配送和貯藏食物的冷凍技術、建築物及其他人工冷凍來源。這個字是由 cold + landscape 拼綴而成。

引句:
These are spaces in which a perpetual winter has distorted or erased seasonality; spaces that are located within an energy-intensive geography of previously unimaginable distance—both mental and physical—between producers and consumers. Artificial refrigeration has reconfigured the contents of our plates and the shape of our cities…

Welcome to the coldscape: the unobtrusive architecture of man's unending struggle against time, distance, and entropy itself.
—Nicola Twilley, "The Coldscape," Cabinet, November 26, 2012

The gigantic tank farms of Tropicana and Citrusuco, the world's largest orange juice producer, occupy one particular corner of the coldscape, with its own specific architecture and quirks.
—Willy Blackmore, "The Big Chill: A Look at America's Coldscape," TakePart, July 22, 2013

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nose-to-tail

(形容詞) 認為吃一隻動物必須從鼻子到尾巴、每個部位 (包括內臟和血液) 都不能浪費的理念或運動的。

引句:
The "nose-to-tail" philosophy, which has been so heartily adopted over the past few years, has not been a conscious effort of education, it is for me a byproduct of this search for pleasure.
—Fergus Henderson, "Feet, glands, shanks, tripe. That's what I like to eat," The Observer, April 27, 2014

In culinary terms, it's called nose-to-tail.

It's the basis of traditional European cuisine and the cooking styles of most indigenous populations on Earth. If you're going to bother to hunt and slaughter an animal for food, then every single edible piece of the animal, from its nose to its tail, gets used somehow, some way.
—Neil Godbout, "Wanting a piece of the pie," Prince George Citizen (British Columbia), June 17, 2014

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c-tuck

(名詞) 將剖腹生產 (caesarean section) 和腹部整形 (abdominoplasty 或 tummy tuck) 結合在一起的手術。亦寫成 C-tuck 或叫做 mommy tuck。這個字是由 caesarean section + tummy tuck 拼綴而成。

引句:
Getting a c-tuck means having two surgeries in the same timeframe. Baby is born by c-section; the OB and team whisk baby away, and then a plastic surgeon comes in to remove some abdominal flesh, possibly doing some liposuction in the process.
—Elena Donovan Mauer, "C-Tucks: Genius Idea or Scary Trend?," The Bump, September 19, 2013

While there have been plenty of rumors about Brit-Brit getting some work done, she has never actually admitted it. We do know that she had tummy tucks at the time of her caesarean sections with her two children. Nothing new there. Most of the celebrity women who give birth via C-section opt for the C-tuck.
—C Hanson, "What?! Britney Spears Admits to Getting Plastic Surgery," Dudley Media Group, December 7, 2013

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almost alcoholic

(名詞) 跟酒鬼差不多的人:出現若干與酗酒或酒精中毒有關的症狀或行為,但尚未達到酒鬼程度的人。
almost-alcoholic (形容詞):跟酒鬼差不多的。

引句:
The almost alcoholic zone is actually quite large. The people who occupy it are not alcoholics. Rather, they are men and women whose drinking habits range from barely qualifying as almost alcoholics to those whose drinking borders on abuse. One thing we do know about them is that the more their drinking correlates with the above statements the more likely they are to drift further into the almost alcoholic zone.
—Joseph Nowinski and Robert Doyle, "Are You Almost Alcoholic? Taking a New Look at an Old Problem," The Atlantic, April 2, 2012

Traditionally alcoholism has been understood as a black-and-white condition. Just like it’s impossible to be a little bit pregnant, it's long been considered that a person must be either an alcoholic or not an alcoholic. Yet the mood is shifting as various shades of grey emerge and some experts claim that there may be an entire spectrum of possibilities that lie between the non-alcoholic and the alcoholic state.

Welcome to the world of the "almost alcoholic".
—Shelley Bridgeman, "Are you ‘almost alcoholic’?," The New Zealand Herald, December 10, 2013

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