orphan cancer

(名詞) 鮮少受到重視且鮮少獲得研究資助的罕見癌症。

引句:
When Kate became ill, with a rare cancer called clear cell sarcoma, she reacted practically, and generously. She started a fund for research and treatment of "orphan" cancers like hers and played benefit concerts with her children Rufus and Martha Wainwright to swell its coffers.
—Robert Everett-Green, "Goodbye sweet harmony," The Globe and Mail, January 20, 2010

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email apnea

(名詞) 查看電子郵件時不知不覺地暫停呼吸。亦寫成 e-mail apnea

引句:
Researchers say that the stress of not being able to process information as fast as it arrives, combined with the personal and social expectation that, say, you will answer every e-mail message, can deplete and demoralize you. ... Author Linda Stone, who coined the term "continuous partial attention" to describe the mental state of today's knowledge workers, says she's now noticing, get this, "e-mail apnea": the unconscious suspension of regular and steady breathing when people tackle their e-mail.
—Paul Hemp, "Death by Information Overload," Harvard Business Review, September 1, 2009

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obesogen

(名詞) 會使脂肪細胞生長和貯存能力增加因而造成肥胖的化學物品;造成肥胖的環境因素。

obesogenic (形容詞) 造成或容易造成肥胖 (的因素) 的;與造成或容易造成肥胖的因素有關的,如 obesogenic environment (造成或容易造成肥胖的環境)。

引句:
In 2006 he fed pregnant mice tributyltin, a disinfectant and fungicide used in marine paints, plastics production, and other products, which enters the food chain in seafood and drinking water. "The offspring were born with more fat already stored, more fat cells, and became 5 to 20 percent fatter by adulthood," Blumberg says. Genetic tests revealed how that had happened. The tributyltin activated a receptor called PPAR gamma, which acts like a switch for cells' fate: in one position it allows cells to remain fibroblasts, in another it guides them to become fat cells... The effect was so strong and so reliable that Blumberg thought compounds that reprogram cells' fate like this deserved a name of their own: obesogens.
—Sharon Begley, "Born to be Big," Newsweek, September 21, 2009

Obesogen is a name we gave to chemicals that can inappropriately stimulate either the development of fat cells or the storage of more fat in pre-existing fat cells. This is a finding we first published in 2006, and it is starting to catch attention. We show that a class of chemicals called organotins are obesogens. Other labs have shown that Bisphenol-A and PFOA (a carboxylic acid used for such things as non-stick coating) are obesogens. There may be others. No one has really looked before. We encounter obesogens in a lot of different ways. They leach out of plastic food and beverage containers (things like plastic bottles that contain bottled water). So they enter our food supply.
—Gary Robbins, "Scientists explore whether plastics can make us fatter," Orange County Register, November 8, 2009

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dysrationalia

(名詞) 聰明人做傻事的毛病:儘管有足夠的智慧,但在某些情況中仍會有不理性 (irrational) 想法或做出不理性行為的現象。
dysrational (形容詞):聰明人做傻事的;有聰明人做傻事之毛病的。

引句:
In 1994, Stanovich began comparing people's scores on rationality tests with their scores on conventional intelligence tests. What he found is that they don't have a lot to do with one another. On some tasks, there is almost a complete dissociation between rational thinking and intelligence. You might, for example, think more rationally than someone much smarter than you. Likewise, a person with dysrationalia is almost as likely to have higher than average intelligence as he or she is to have lower than average intelligence.
—Kurt Kleiner, "Why Smart People Do Stupid Things," University of Toronto Magazine, June 1, 2009

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deather

(名詞) 認為美國健保改革將導致更多人 -- 尤其是老人 -- 死亡的人。這個字通常帶貶義。
deatherism (名詞):健保改革導致更多死亡論。

引句:
The new suffix is "ers." It started with the "9/11 truthers" — crazy. Then, the "birthers" — crazy. And now, the DNC is calling people concerned with end-of-life provisions in the healthcare proposal "deathers" — crazy.
—Glenn Beck, "The Glenn Beck Program," Fox News Network, August 14, 2009

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chemofog

(名詞) 化療 (chemotherapy) 後的記憶力衰退 (健忘) 及心智功能減弱現象。亦寫成 chemo fog, chemo-fog

這個字最初是以兩個字 chemo fog 的型態出現,然後變成 chemo-fog,最後再變成一個字 chemofog。值得注意的是,在英文中,與 chemofog 同義的用字或用語還有 chemobrain (或 chemo brain) 和 brain fog,它們出現得比較早,而且比 chemofog 常用許多。

引句:
Dr Janette Vardy from the Sydney Cancer Centre, told the Clinical Oncological Society of Australia Annual Scientific Meeting 'chemofog' had previously been assumed to be temporary, but for 20 to 30 per cent of patients, it had been shown to be ongoing. "It is only in the last 10 years that we have recognised 'chemofog' or 'chemobrain' as a condition," Dr Vardy said. "For a long time some oncologists didn't believe it was real and it was all in the mind.
—"Chemo may leave brain fog," Science Alert, November 18, 2009

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shy bowel

(名詞) 害羞的腸子:在公共廁所無法排便 (想拉但拉不出來) 的狀況,又稱公廁恐懼症 (public restroom phobia)。

引句中的 number two (二號) 為大便的委婉語 -- 小便的委婉語叫做 number one (一號);它們常見的搭配有 to do number two/one 和 to make number two/one (上大號/小號)。再者,引句中的 behind 當名詞用,為口語的「屁股」。

引句:
Parcopresis is the phobia assigned to those who absolutely cannot do number two in a public restroom. This phobia is also termed as “shy bowel” because the sufferer, your date, must have a certain level of privacy before their mind will let their behind “let loose.”
—Michele Gwynn, "Public restroom phobia cripples dating," Examiner.com, August 20, 2009

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bleachorexia

(名詞) 著魔般地想要使牙齒美白的念頭。亦寫成 bleach-orexia
bleachorexic (adj./n.):著迷於牙齒美白的 (人)。

引句:
Overuse of teeth-whiteners appears to be the dental profession's the biggest concern. Excessive bleaching can dehydrate teeth temporarily, making them extra sensitive. As well, peroxide, which soaks through enamel to break up stain-forming molecules, can irritate gums if used too aggressively. People who want teeth whiter than nature intended, reaching repeatedly for the peroxide, suffer from "bleachorexia," a word coined by the American Dental Association.
—Deidre Kelly, "Price choppers: Get pearly whites for 99 bucks," The Globe and Mail, September 24, 2009

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SPF creep

(名詞) 防曬品 (sunscreen) 和化妝品的防曬係數 (sun protection factor, SPF) 數值逐漸增加。

引句:
SPF 50. SPF 70. Even SPF 100! Whatever happened to good ol' SPF 30? Clinique has new SPF 50 Face Cream. Dermaglow offers 70 SPF Cream. And Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Dry Touch Sunblock SPF 100 was introduced to the US market this season. What's up with the new crop of through-the-roof-SPF sunscreens?

Is SPF creep about advanced protection...or advanced hype?
—Yuki Hayashi, "Mega sunscreens," Elle Canada, July 10, 2009

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eatertainment

(名詞) 飲食娛樂;飲食娛樂業;集吃喝玩樂於一身的消費場所。這個字是由 eat 和 entertainment 拼綴而成。
eatertain (v.):提供飲食娛樂;使得到飲食娛樂。
eatertaining (adj.):使人得到飲食娛樂的。.

引句:
Kessler spends a lot of time meeting with (often anonymous) consultants who describe how they are trying to fashion products that offer what’s become known in the food industry as “eatertainment.” Fat, sugar, and salt turn out to be the crucial elements in this quest: different “eatertaining” items mix these ingredients in different but invariably highly caloric combinations.
—Elizabeth Kolbert, " XXXL," New Yorker, July 20, 2009

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