dysrationalia

(名詞) 聰明人做傻事的毛病:儘管有足夠的智慧,但在某些情況中仍會有不理性 (irrational) 想法或做出不理性行為的現象。
dysrational (形容詞):聰明人做傻事的;有聰明人做傻事之毛病的。

引句:
In 1994, Stanovich began comparing people's scores on rationality tests with their scores on conventional intelligence tests. What he found is that they don't have a lot to do with one another. On some tasks, there is almost a complete dissociation between rational thinking and intelligence. You might, for example, think more rationally than someone much smarter than you. Likewise, a person with dysrationalia is almost as likely to have higher than average intelligence as he or she is to have lower than average intelligence.
—Kurt Kleiner, "Why Smart People Do Stupid Things," University of Toronto Magazine, June 1, 2009

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deather

(名詞) 認為美國健保改革將導致更多人 -- 尤其是老人 -- 死亡的人。這個字通常帶貶義。
deatherism (名詞):健保改革導致更多死亡論。

引句:
The new suffix is "ers." It started with the "9/11 truthers" — crazy. Then, the "birthers" — crazy. And now, the DNC is calling people concerned with end-of-life provisions in the healthcare proposal "deathers" — crazy.
—Glenn Beck, "The Glenn Beck Program," Fox News Network, August 14, 2009

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chemofog

(名詞) 化療 (chemotherapy) 後的記憶力衰退 (健忘) 及心智功能減弱現象。亦寫成 chemo fog, chemo-fog

這個字最初是以兩個字 chemo fog 的型態出現,然後變成 chemo-fog,最後再變成一個字 chemofog。值得注意的是,在英文中,與 chemofog 同義的用字或用語還有 chemobrain (或 chemo brain) 和 brain fog,它們出現得比較早,而且比 chemofog 常用許多。

引句:
Dr Janette Vardy from the Sydney Cancer Centre, told the Clinical Oncological Society of Australia Annual Scientific Meeting 'chemofog' had previously been assumed to be temporary, but for 20 to 30 per cent of patients, it had been shown to be ongoing. "It is only in the last 10 years that we have recognised 'chemofog' or 'chemobrain' as a condition," Dr Vardy said. "For a long time some oncologists didn't believe it was real and it was all in the mind.
—"Chemo may leave brain fog," Science Alert, November 18, 2009

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shy bowel

(名詞) 害羞的腸子:在公共廁所無法排便 (想拉但拉不出來) 的狀況,又稱公廁恐懼症 (public restroom phobia)。

引句中的 number two (二號) 為大便的委婉語 -- 小便的委婉語叫做 number one (一號);它們常見的搭配有 to do number two/one 和 to make number two/one (上大號/小號)。再者,引句中的 behind 當名詞用,為口語的「屁股」。

引句:
Parcopresis is the phobia assigned to those who absolutely cannot do number two in a public restroom. This phobia is also termed as “shy bowel” because the sufferer, your date, must have a certain level of privacy before their mind will let their behind “let loose.”
—Michele Gwynn, "Public restroom phobia cripples dating," Examiner.com, August 20, 2009

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bleachorexia

(名詞) 著魔般地想要使牙齒美白的念頭。亦寫成 bleach-orexia
bleachorexic (adj./n.):著迷於牙齒美白的 (人)。

引句:
Overuse of teeth-whiteners appears to be the dental profession's the biggest concern. Excessive bleaching can dehydrate teeth temporarily, making them extra sensitive. As well, peroxide, which soaks through enamel to break up stain-forming molecules, can irritate gums if used too aggressively. People who want teeth whiter than nature intended, reaching repeatedly for the peroxide, suffer from "bleachorexia," a word coined by the American Dental Association.
—Deidre Kelly, "Price choppers: Get pearly whites for 99 bucks," The Globe and Mail, September 24, 2009

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SPF creep

(名詞) 防曬品 (sunscreen) 和化妝品的防曬係數 (sun protection factor, SPF) 數值逐漸增加。

引句:
SPF 50. SPF 70. Even SPF 100! Whatever happened to good ol' SPF 30? Clinique has new SPF 50 Face Cream. Dermaglow offers 70 SPF Cream. And Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Dry Touch Sunblock SPF 100 was introduced to the US market this season. What's up with the new crop of through-the-roof-SPF sunscreens?

Is SPF creep about advanced protection...or advanced hype?
—Yuki Hayashi, "Mega sunscreens," Elle Canada, July 10, 2009

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eatertainment

(名詞) 飲食娛樂;飲食娛樂業;集吃喝玩樂於一身的消費場所。這個字是由 eat 和 entertainment 拼綴而成。
eatertain (v.):提供飲食娛樂;使得到飲食娛樂。
eatertaining (adj.):使人得到飲食娛樂的。.

引句:
Kessler spends a lot of time meeting with (often anonymous) consultants who describe how they are trying to fashion products that offer what’s become known in the food industry as “eatertainment.” Fat, sugar, and salt turn out to be the crucial elements in this quest: different “eatertaining” items mix these ingredients in different but invariably highly caloric combinations.
—Elizabeth Kolbert, " XXXL," New Yorker, July 20, 2009

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wallet neuropathy

(名詞) 錢包神經疾病:由坐在置於褲子後口袋內鼓鼓的錢包上所造成的腰痛。neuropathy 意為「神經疾病」。

wallet neuropathy 亦叫做 wallet neuritis (錢包神經炎)、wallet sciatica (錢包坐骨神經痛)、fat wallet syndrome (胖錢包症候群) 或 hip-pocket syndrome (臀部口袋症候群)。

引句:
Physiotherapists have coined the term 'wallet-neuropathy' for the lower back pain caused by men sitting down (such as when driving or in the office) on wallets always carried in their back trouser pocket.

The condition is triggered by the wallet pressing on sciatic nerves in the back and can lead to pain or numbness in the lower leg, ankle or foot.
—Victoria Lambert, "Why marrying a younger woman can save your life (even if it sends HER to an early grave)," Daily Mail, June 30, 2009

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carrotmob

(名詞) 民眾齊聚在一起集體向某重視環保的商店採購商品以示支持該商店的活動或事件。亦寫成 carrot mob
carrotmobber (n.):參與這種活動或事件的人。
carrotmobbing (動名詞):這種活動或事件。

顯然地,這個字中的 carrot 是來自成語 carrot and stick (胡蘿蔔棍棒並用;軟硬兼施;恩威並濟) 的 carrot 概念,亦即以獎勵 (reward) 代替抵制 (boycott),讓商家獲得實質的利益,因而更加重視環保。

引句:
Forget sticks, and stick with carrots instead. So says Brent Schulkin, founder of a fledgling movement of activist consumers employing a kind of reverse boycott that he calls a carrotmob. The concept is simple: instead of steering clear of environmentally backward stores, why not reward businesses with mass purchases if they promise to use some of the money to get greener?
—Jeremy Caplan, "Shoppers, Unite! Carrotmobs Are Cooler than Boycotts," Time, May 15, 2009

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space headache

(名詞) 太空頭痛:太空人在太空旅行期間所遭遇的一種會使身體虛弱的頭痛。

引句:
Astronauts need to add space headache to their list of occupational hazards, say researchers. ...

The researchers believe there are a number of reasons why space travel could cause headaches, the root cause being microgravity.

Microgravity is known to cause lower oxygen levels in the blood and this may be the trigger for space headache.
—"Space headache a real phenomenon," BBC News, June 2, 2009

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