misery lit

(名詞) 悲慘文學:內容以描述作者童年貧困、家暴或性侵等悲慘遭遇及作者後來戰勝這些個人創傷為主的自傳、回憶錄或小說。亦寫成 misery-lit, mis lit, misery literature, misery memoir,其中以 misery literature 最早出現。

引句:
Today's idea: Is women's fiction plagued by "misery lit," obsessed with bereavement, child abuse and rape? Or "chick lit," obsessed with Prada handbags and landing the perfect catch? Or is it torn between the two? British writers have at it.
—Tom Kuntz, "Woe Is Women's Lit," Idea of the Day (NYTimes.com), March 18, 2010

Still, prior to the Hughes and Hughes news, the recession had yet to fully impact in the way that it has in the UK, where the story is resembling something from the worst misery lit. When Borders collapsed in the UK, it left Waterstone's as the only national chain and even that has suffered losses strong enough for it to sack its chief and reshape its business model.
—Shane Hegarty, "Is closing a bookshop akin to knocking down a unicorn?," The Irish Times, March 6, 2010

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neurocinematics

(名詞) 神經電影學:研究看電影如何影響人類智力的學問。這個字是由字首 "neuro-" (神經;神經系統) 和 cinematics (電影製作法) 組合而成。

引句:
Given the gargantuan cost of blockbusters like Avatar, it wouldn’t be surprising if Hollywood’s next step is to use brain scanners to get inside the heads of movie-goers. It’s impossible to translate brain activity into ‘Oscar buzz’, though, so the potential of ‘neurocinematics’ is unproven. (New Scientist, February 20, 2010)

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wheredunit

(名詞/口語) (以追查犯罪地點為主軸的) 謀殺案推理小說 (murder mystery or mystery novel) 或偵探小說 (detective story)。亦寫成 where-dunit

顯然地,這個字是仿效 whodunit (以追查兇手為主軸的推理或偵探小說) 所創造的。事實上,英文以 wh- 做開頭的 5 個疑問代名詞 (who, what, where, when 和 why -- 亦叫做 5 W) 都已跟字尾 -dunit (= done it;這裡的 done 為 did 之誤,但用久了也就習以為常了) 構成不同類型的偵探小說,除 whodunit, wheredunit 外,還有 whatdunit (以追查殺人情節為主軸的偵探小說)、whendunit (以追查殺人時間為主軸的偵探小說) 和 whydunit (以追查殺人原因為主軸的偵探小說)。wheredunit 這個字最早出現在 1990 年,而 whodunit 可追溯到 1930 年,至於 whatdunit, whendunit 和 whydunit 首次出現的時間分別在 1948 年、大約 1957 年和大約 1947 年。

引句:
At the police station, Young-min readily and surprisingly owns up to his gruesome crimes, and Jung-ho sets out to find Mi-jin. "The Chaser" is less whodunit than wheredunit, perversely withholding the location of Young-min's home from everyone but the viewer, who gets to know Seoul's Mangwon district quite intimately as Jung-ho, his bumbling sidekick Meathead (Koo Bon-woong) and other cops run around it in infuriating circles.
—Justin Chang, "The Chaser," Daily Variety, June 9, 2008

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pyrogeography

(名詞) 森林大火地理學:研究過去、現在及預測之森林大火分佈情形的學問。這個字的字首 pyro- 意為「火」(fire)。
pyrogeographer (名詞):森林大火地理學家。
pyrogeographical (形容詞):森林大火地理 (學) 的。

引句:
A key to understanding those consequences is the notion of the "fire regime", where different vegetation has characteristic fires in terms of recurrence, intensity, seasonality and biological effects. Indeed, fire can be thought of as an emergent property of vegetation in the same way that vegetation can be thought of as an emergent property of climates. In other words, Earth has a "pyrogeography".
—David Bowman, "Scorched earth: Wildfires will change the way we live," New Scientist, October 7, 2009

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Wikipedia kid

(名詞) 維基百科學生:缺乏研究技巧及重要思考能力的學生。

引句:
As an English professor at Algonquin College in Ottawa, I was very impressed by the report's neologism: "Wikipedia kids." Too many graduates of Ontario's high schools know how to cut and paste, but have learnt little about cross-referencing and taking time to read, think and incorporate what they've read into a wider scheme of knowledge
—Nathan Greenfield, "View from here — Shopping and schools don't mix," The Times Educational Supplement, May 22, 2009

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magicology

(名詞) 魔術與幻覺神經學。這個字已存在多年且有幾個不同的意思,其中最常見者是「魔術學」,即研究魔術和幻覺的學問,而這一意思可追溯到大約 1970 年。這裡所列的「魔術與幻覺神經學」是 magicology 最新的意思。

引句:
A couple of years ago, Teller joined a coterie of illusionists and tricksters recruited by Stephen Macknik and Susana Martinez-Conde, researchers at the Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix, Arizona, to look at the neuroscience of magic. Last summer, that work culminated in an article for the journal Nature Reviews Neuroscience called "Attention and Awareness in Stage Magic." Teller was one of the coauthors, and its publication was a signal event in a field some researchers are calling magicology, the mining of stage illusions for insights into brain function.
—Jonah Lehrer, "Magic and the Brain: Teller Reveals the Neuroscience of Illusion," Wired, April 20, 2009

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patchwriting

(名詞) 拼湊寫作 -- 後現代文學創作的一種手段。雖然有學者主張拼湊寫作不應被視為惡意抄襲,但由於東拼西湊的句子仍大致採用原作者的詞句與結構,若沒有使用引號,以傳統的眼光來看,這仍然是不當的行為。因此,正當的作法是,要不就是使用引號,要不就是反芻原文後,用自己的話寫出來。除了 patchwriting,後現代文學創作常用的手段還有 pastiche (拼湊模仿 -- 見引句) 和 parody (諷刺模仿) 等。

引句:
Ms. Blum also embraces various postmodern theories of plagiarism. Internet-savvy, intertextual ingénues don’t steal words; they engage in “patchwriting” and “pastiche,” constructing essays the way they create eclectic music playlists for their iPods. This practice, she argues, can be viewed as a form of homage or reverence as much as theft.
—Christine Rosen, " It’s not theft, it’s pastiche," Wall Street Journal, April 15, 2009

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full-pay

(名詞) 全額支付的學費。

引句:
Many colleges discount tuition an average of 30 to 40 percent. Still, by offering even a relatively small cut, colleges get students who pay a hefty price. “The full-pays are few and far between,” said Greg Eichhorn, the vice president for enrollment management at Albright. “What we’re looking for are better-pays.”
—Kate Zernike, " To keep students, colleges cut anything but aid," The New York Times, February 28, 2009

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