gastrophysics

(名詞) 美食物理學,烹飪物理學:將物理理論和實驗方法應用於食物、烹飪和飲食的學問。亦寫成 gastro-physics。這個字是由 gastronomy (美食學,烹飪法) 和 physics (物理學) 拼綴而成。
gastrophysicist (名詞):美食物理學家,烹飪物理學家。

引句:
Until recently, McGee said, scientific focus on cooking was always on safety, hygiene, and industrial manufacturing (such as how to can clams so they don't spoil).

Today, the study of gastrophysics draws from psychology, culture, food structuring, and quantum chemistry, among other disciplines.
—Valerie Vande Panne, "Forks, knives, beakers," Harvard Gazette, September 10, 2013

Spence and his peers have, through a line of scientific inquiry that is informally referred to as gastrophysics, studied in minute detail how we experience food and drink. Who we eat with; how food is arranged and described; the colour, texture and weight of plates and cutlery; background noise — all these things affect taste.
—Amy Fleming, "Charles Spence: The food scientist changing the way we eat," The Guardian (London), September 24, 2014

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wait-learning

(名詞) 候中學:在等候別的事情完成的時候 (如等候電梯的時候) 所做的學習。本中文翻譯的靈感來自杜威的「做中學」(learning by doing)。

引句:
In the future, CSAIL researchers plan to explore opportunities to create technologies for other wait-learning situations, such as Wi-Fi seeking, email loading, and even elevator waiting.
—Adam Conner-Simons, "'WaitChatter' app teaches vocabulary during moments in between texts," Phys.org, May 15, 2015

They surmised that instant messaging provided an excellent application to test whether a program could enable wait-learning for language vocabulary. Often while chatting, conversations feels asynchronous; the person who just sent a message waits for a reply.
—Will Thalheimer, "Wait-Learning: Learning During Normally Wasted Time," Subscription Learning, May 15, 2015

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nanodegree

(名詞) 奈米學位 - 短期內修習高度密集的速成課程所取得的教育認證或證書。亦寫成 nano-degree
nanodegree (形容詞):奈米學位的。

引句:
Another development related to Moocs is the emergence of nanodegrees.

"Nanodegrees are at the other end of the scale from the traditional university degree," Professor Sharples said. "For a degree, you spend three years gaining all the skills you need from a broad area. Nanodegrees are focused on what skills you need to learn for a very specific task."
—Chris Parr, "Making Moocs social is the next challenge," The Times Higher Education, November 13, 2014

"Bootcamps" and "nanodegree" courses are fast gaining popularity among students as they look to avoid the heavy debt burden that usually accompanies a degree program.
—Abinaya Vijayaraghavan, "Short courses offer hope to U.S. education companies," Reuters, January 13, 2015

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healthography

(名詞) 健康地理學:研究健康與地理之關係的學問。這個字是由 health + geography 拼綴而成。

引句:
RT @PennNursing: Mapping the #Urban #HIV Epidemic: Role of Geobehavioral Vulnerability http://youtu.be/nktT4fIh5LI #APHA14 #healthography
—"RT @PennNursing…," Twitter, January 2, 2015

New Orleans served as more than just the location for APHA's 142nd Annual Meeting and Exposition in November. It also served as an example of healthography, or the idea that where you live can affect your health. New Orleans is a city renowned for its cuisine, but some of its residents do not have access to fresh and healthy food. That can have influence on their health.
—Lindsey Wahowiak, "Role of food in healthography apparent," The Nation's Health, January 15, 2015

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flash nonfiction

(名詞) 非小說類極短篇文學作品,通常由數十個或數百個字所構成。
亦寫成 flash non-fiction, flashnonfiction

引句:
On Aug. 3 from 4 to 5 p.m., Pleska will help writers locate and write about memories for "The Five Minute Memoir!" In so-called "flash nonfiction," writers take and compress particular memories to write rich, engaging mini memoirs, appropriate for sending to literary magazines that are looking for short shorts.
—"Arts Notes: July 21, 2013," Charleston Gazette, July 20, 2013

Inside the 5-inch by 7-inch journal are 131 pages filled with four pieces of flash nonfiction, four pieces of fiction and one piece of analysis.
—Peter McCrady, "Cracking the spine on 'The Austin Review'," Community Impact Newspaper, January 14, 2014

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protologism

(名詞) 尚未被廣泛使用或接受的新字。

引句:
There will also be "Never-Ending Story": both authors and the public will have the opportunity to contribute a sentence or paragraph to "a Never Ending Story with Oceanside" as the setting. Attendees will be encouraged to try their hand at protologism (creating new words) and become the Shake-spears of Oceanside!
—"3rd annual 'Write On, Oceanside' — July 20," La Prensa San Diego, July 12, 2013

I think I should be up to the fifth sin now, referred to as spanophilia. To note, this word may not come up in many dictionaries, but upon delving into the world of etymology, it seems to be a protologism, or a portmanteau of prototype and neologism. In an attempt to coin new terminology, Asher takes the greek roots for "rare" and "love of" to form this word meaning the love of the rare.
—"Spanophilia is not the answer to Common Stupidity," Christiana Care Internal Medicine Residency Blog, May 3, 2012

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heutagogy

(名詞) 自主學習學 (The study of self-determined learning):一門研究自主學習的學問。據稱,這個字是由古希臘字 heut (意為「自我」) 和字尾 -agogy (意為「帶領、引導」) 組合而成。
heutagogical (形容詞):自主學習學的。

引句:
Heutagogy is about "knowledge sharing" instead of "knowledge boarding or hoarding" and liberates teacher and learner from conventions and nurtures them in the time-honoured art and science of "learning how to learn".
—Datuk Dr Ibrahim Ahmad Bajunid, "The excellence of scholar-teachers," New Straits Times, April 6, 2012

Teachers need to take a step back and allow students to follow their own routes and come to pieces of knowledge in their own time and through their own methodologies and experiences. They learn, by working out how they learn and then use that knowledge to teach themselves and their peers. There is a lot of reflection involved and a need to think through what it is you are doing and how you are going about it. Heutagogy goes one step beyond self-directed learning — it is self-determined.

Whilst certain aspects of the heutagogical approach have its merits, I can't say that I was entirely won over by the argument.
—Matt Phillpott, "Heutagogy, self-determined learning and social media," Sixteenth Century Scholars, November 8, 2013

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trigger warning

(名詞) 書籍、電影或其他素材事先對於其含有可能引發痛苦情緒或精神創傷反應之內容所提出的警告。亦寫成 trigger alert

引句:
All GSIs and professors of social science and humanities courses should undergo training comparable to that of intergroup dialogue facilitators to ensure heightened sensitivity to diverse perspectives. Instructors should also make a concerted effort to give students "trigger warnings" that alert them to upcoming class materials that could be potentially offensive, explicit or controversial.
—"From the Daily: Let's talk about race," The Michigan Daily, March 20, 2014

The latest attack on academic freedom comes not from government authorities or corporate pressure but from students. At UC Santa Barbara, the student Senate recently passed a resolution that calls for mandatory "trigger warnings" — cautions from professors, to be added to their course syllabi, specifying which days' lectures will include readings or films or discussions that might trigger feelings of emotional or physical distress.
—"Warning: College students, this editorial may upset you," Los Angeles Times, March 31, 2014

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guerrilla proofreading

(動名詞/現在分詞) 在公共招牌或標誌上劃記以改正或指出文法謬誤或打字錯誤。
guerrilla proofreader (名詞):在公共招牌或標誌上劃記以改正或指出文法謬誤或打字錯誤的人。

引句:
Guerrilla proofreading does seem to be a popular hobby for some people. They can get quite agitated about apostroflies, invisible hyphens, and other such entities.
—Stan Carey, “Grammar to go” (comment), Sentence First, March 26, 2010

On Wednesday, October 13, at the Decatur Library, writers Jeff Deck and Benjamin Herson will sign their new memoir The Great Typo Hunt: Two Friends Changing the World, One Correction at a Time. It's an English-action-packed memoir of public guerrilla proofreading that ultimately brought the authors in conflict against a misspeller with power: the U.S. federal government.
—Blue Elephant Book Shop, “Jeff Deck & Benjamin Herson sign 'The Great Typo Hunt' — Wed 10/13,” Facebook, October 7, 2010

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pi-ku

(名詞) 以圓周率 (pi = 3.14159,符號為 π) 這個數學常數為主題的短詩或日本三行俳句詩 (haiku)。亦寫成 piku (pi + haiku)。

註:自 2009 年以來,每年的 3 月 14 日 (取圓周率的近似值 3.14) 已成為慶祝圓周率 π 的特別日子,稱為圓周率日 (Pi Day,又稱 π 節)。圓周率日當天通常是在下午 1 時 59 分慶祝,以象徵圓周率的 6 位近似值 3.14159。

美國麻省理工學院首先倡議將 3 月 14 日定為國家圓周率日 (National Pi Day)。2009 年美國眾議院正式通過將每年的 3 月 14 號定為「圓周率日」。

3 月 14 日也是愛因斯坦的生日和馬克思的忌日。

引句:
Festivities will include pie eating/pi solving contest, pie for sale at the Pie Café, Piku (think Haiku with a twist).
—"Third Annual Jersey City Pi-e Day March 9th," Jersey Bites, March 9, 2013

Students will spend the morning in 35-minute sessions that include math competitions, integrated math and art workshops featuring origami, pi-ku writing, and a pi(e) eating contest.
—Kari Tutwiler, "Pi and pie to fuel math competition at WSU Tri-Cities," Washington State University News Center, March 11, 2013

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