(名詞) 健康地理學:研究健康與地理之關係的學問。這個字是由 health + geography 拼綴而成。

RT @PennNursing: Mapping the #Urban #HIV Epidemic: Role of Geobehavioral Vulnerability #APHA14 #healthography
—"RT @PennNursing…," Twitter, January 2, 2015

New Orleans served as more than just the location for APHA's 142nd Annual Meeting and Exposition in November. It also served as an example of healthography, or the idea that where you live can affect your health. New Orleans is a city renowned for its cuisine, but some of its residents do not have access to fresh and healthy food. That can have influence on their health.
—Lindsey Wahowiak, "Role of food in healthography apparent," The Nation's Health, January 15, 2015


flash nonfiction

(名詞) 非小說類極短篇文學作品,通常由數十個或數百個字所構成。
亦寫成 flash non-fiction, flashnonfiction

On Aug. 3 from 4 to 5 p.m., Pleska will help writers locate and write about memories for "The Five Minute Memoir!" In so-called "flash nonfiction," writers take and compress particular memories to write rich, engaging mini memoirs, appropriate for sending to literary magazines that are looking for short shorts.
—"Arts Notes: July 21, 2013," Charleston Gazette, July 20, 2013

Inside the 5-inch by 7-inch journal are 131 pages filled with four pieces of flash nonfiction, four pieces of fiction and one piece of analysis.
—Peter McCrady, "Cracking the spine on 'The Austin Review'," Community Impact Newspaper, January 14, 2014



(名詞) 尚未被廣泛使用或接受的新字。

There will also be "Never-Ending Story": both authors and the public will have the opportunity to contribute a sentence or paragraph to "a Never Ending Story with Oceanside" as the setting. Attendees will be encouraged to try their hand at protologism (creating new words) and become the Shake-spears of Oceanside!
—"3rd annual 'Write On, Oceanside' — July 20," La Prensa San Diego, July 12, 2013

I think I should be up to the fifth sin now, referred to as spanophilia. To note, this word may not come up in many dictionaries, but upon delving into the world of etymology, it seems to be a protologism, or a portmanteau of prototype and neologism. In an attempt to coin new terminology, Asher takes the greek roots for "rare" and "love of" to form this word meaning the love of the rare.
—"Spanophilia is not the answer to Common Stupidity," Christiana Care Internal Medicine Residency Blog, May 3, 2012



(名詞) 自主學習學 (The study of self-determined learning):一門研究自主學習的學問。據稱,這個字是由古希臘字 heut (意為「自我」) 和字尾 -agogy (意為「帶領、引導」) 組合而成。
heutagogical (形容詞):自主學習學的。

Heutagogy is about "knowledge sharing" instead of "knowledge boarding or hoarding" and liberates teacher and learner from conventions and nurtures them in the time-honoured art and science of "learning how to learn".
—Datuk Dr Ibrahim Ahmad Bajunid, "The excellence of scholar-teachers," New Straits Times, April 6, 2012

Teachers need to take a step back and allow students to follow their own routes and come to pieces of knowledge in their own time and through their own methodologies and experiences. They learn, by working out how they learn and then use that knowledge to teach themselves and their peers. There is a lot of reflection involved and a need to think through what it is you are doing and how you are going about it. Heutagogy goes one step beyond self-directed learning — it is self-determined.

Whilst certain aspects of the heutagogical approach have its merits, I can't say that I was entirely won over by the argument.
—Matt Phillpott, "Heutagogy, self-determined learning and social media," Sixteenth Century Scholars, November 8, 2013


trigger warning

(名詞) 書籍、電影或其他素材事先對於其含有可能引發痛苦情緒或精神創傷反應之內容所提出的警告。亦寫成 trigger alert

All GSIs and professors of social science and humanities courses should undergo training comparable to that of intergroup dialogue facilitators to ensure heightened sensitivity to diverse perspectives. Instructors should also make a concerted effort to give students "trigger warnings" that alert them to upcoming class materials that could be potentially offensive, explicit or controversial.
—"From the Daily: Let's talk about race," The Michigan Daily, March 20, 2014

The latest attack on academic freedom comes not from government authorities or corporate pressure but from students. At UC Santa Barbara, the student Senate recently passed a resolution that calls for mandatory "trigger warnings" — cautions from professors, to be added to their course syllabi, specifying which days' lectures will include readings or films or discussions that might trigger feelings of emotional or physical distress.
—"Warning: College students, this editorial may upset you," Los Angeles Times, March 31, 2014


guerrilla proofreading

(動名詞/現在分詞) 在公共招牌或標誌上劃記以改正或指出文法謬誤或打字錯誤。
guerrilla proofreader (名詞):在公共招牌或標誌上劃記以改正或指出文法謬誤或打字錯誤的人。

Guerrilla proofreading does seem to be a popular hobby for some people. They can get quite agitated about apostroflies, invisible hyphens, and other such entities.
—Stan Carey, “Grammar to go” (comment), Sentence First, March 26, 2010

On Wednesday, October 13, at the Decatur Library, writers Jeff Deck and Benjamin Herson will sign their new memoir The Great Typo Hunt: Two Friends Changing the World, One Correction at a Time. It's an English-action-packed memoir of public guerrilla proofreading that ultimately brought the authors in conflict against a misspeller with power: the U.S. federal government.
—Blue Elephant Book Shop, “Jeff Deck & Benjamin Herson sign 'The Great Typo Hunt' — Wed 10/13,” Facebook, October 7, 2010



(名詞) 以圓周率 (pi = 3.14159,符號為 π) 這個數學常數為主題的短詩或日本三行俳句詩 (haiku)。亦寫成 piku (pi + haiku)。

註:自 2009 年以來,每年的 3 月 14 日 (取圓周率的近似值 3.14) 已成為慶祝圓周率 π 的特別日子,稱為圓周率日 (Pi Day,又稱 π 節)。圓周率日當天通常是在下午 1 時 59 分慶祝,以象徵圓周率的 6 位近似值 3.14159。

美國麻省理工學院首先倡議將 3 月 14 日定為國家圓周率日 (National Pi Day)。2009 年美國眾議院正式通過將每年的 3 月 14 號定為「圓周率日」。

3 月 14 日也是愛因斯坦的生日和馬克思的忌日。

Festivities will include pie eating/pi solving contest, pie for sale at the Pie Café, Piku (think Haiku with a twist).
—"Third Annual Jersey City Pi-e Day March 9th," Jersey Bites, March 9, 2013

Students will spend the morning in 35-minute sessions that include math competitions, integrated math and art workshops featuring origami, pi-ku writing, and a pi(e) eating contest.
—Kari Tutwiler, "Pi and pie to fuel math competition at WSU Tri-Cities," Washington State University News Center, March 11, 2013



(名詞) 一種以個人遭逢並對抗致命性或毀滅性疾病為主題的文學類型。亦寫成 sick lit

The blurbs for 'teen sick-lit' — as it's become known — trip over themselves to promise their books will drive readers 'to tears' or leave them 'devastated'.
—Tanith Carey, "The 'sick-lit' books aimed at children: It's a disturbing phenomenon. Tales of teenage cancer, self-harm and suicide...," The Daily Mail, January 3, 2013

Literary media have been abuzz about the "sick-lit" controversy: novels written for teenagers with themes of death, fatal disease and psychological disease such as anorexia.
—Russell Smith, "Sick-lit: a symptom of publishing's decline?," The Globe and Mail, February 13, 2013



(名詞) 散文詩 (prose poem):以散文撰寫但加入詩的意象和韻律的作品。這個字是由 prose (散文) + poem (詩) 拼綴而成。
proet (名詞):散文詩人。

He read a variety of forms of poetry, including librettos, verse meant to be set to music; sestinas, poems structured with six stanzas of six lines and a final triplet; sonnets; villanelles, nineteen-line poems with two rhymes throughout; and, surprisingly, prose poems — what Fort called "proems."
—Dan Kipp, "American Poet Charles Fort Invited to Kenyon for Guest Reading," The Kenyon Collegian, February 3, 2011

At a reading last night, one writer called her prose-poems "proems."
—Aaron Jentzen, "At a reading...," Twitter, January 18, 2013



(名詞) 神經小說。這是近十幾年來英美小說新興的一種類型,作者以神經學 (neuroscience - 研究神經系統的結構、發展、功能、病理和藥理的學科),尤其是腦部功能失調 (brain disorders) 的觀點來解釋小說中人物的行為和動機。
neuronovelist (名詞):神經小說家。

註:這個字肇始於美國文學批評家馬可•羅思 (Marco Roth) 2009 年 9 月在文學與政治雜誌《n+1》發表了一篇題為「神經小說的崛起」(Rise of the Neuronovel) 的文章。

Negative criticism is particularly exciting, not only because of schadenfreude, but because once limitations are identified, we glimpse how to transcend them. Learning the shortcomings of today's neuronovel, we catch sight of the psychological novel of the future: a novel expressive of the problems we have now, including the encroachment of cognitive science into the concept of the self. When this novel appears, it will be because some people wrote neuronovels and books like "Proust Was a Neuroscientist" and others identified the ways in which these works captivated us but failed to describe human existence.
—Elif Batuman, "From the Critical Impulse, the Growth of Literature," The New York Times, December 31, 2010

Thus far, most 'neuronovels' have focused on characters with a disorder. Perhaps in the near future we can read about a 'diagnose-free' [sic] character whose whole life is explained in terms of neurons firing?
—hanba, "From Freud to Neuronovel," Arts, Architecture, Thoughts, April 23, 2011