dog-directed speech

(名詞) 狗兒導向語言:指人類面對狗狗時,自然會表現出來的特殊說話方式,其特色是音調較高、語速較慢 (slow cadence)、重複較多而且語調怪異。亦寫成 dog directed speech 或縮寫為 DDS

Dog-directed speech 是 1997 年出現的寵物導向語言 (pet-directed speech,或 PDS) 及 2004 年出現的動物導向語言 (animal-directed speech,或 ADS) 中的一環。這些特殊說話方式都衍生自可追溯至 1985 年的嬰兒導向語言 (infant-directed speech,或 IDS)。

People tend to talk differently to babies and to pet dogs than they do to adults and the acoustic and linguistic features of such infant directed speech (IDS) and dog directed speech (DDS) proved to be very similar.
—Anna Gergely, et al., “Differential effects of speech situations on mothers’ and fathers’ infant-directed and dog-directed speech: An acoustic analysis,” Nature, October 23, 2017

Infant-directed speech (IDS) is a special speech register thought to aid language acquisition and improve affiliation in human infants. Although IDS shares some of its properties with dog-directed speech (DDS), it is unclear whether the production of DDS is functional, or simply an overgeneralisation of IDS within Western cultures.
—Alex Benjamin & Katie Slocombe, “‘Who’s a good boy?!’ Dogs prefer naturalistic dog-directed speech,” Animal Companion, March 2, 2018