misogynoir

(名詞) 對黑人女性的憎恨、蔑視或偏見。這個字是由 misogyny (厭惡女性) + noir (黑) 拼綴而成。
misogynoirism (名詞):厭惡和仇視黑人女性的心態、論調、主張等;misogynoirist (名詞);厭惡和仇視黑人女性的人。

引句:
Even further, in its two-to-three-sentence exposition about the sexual violence inflicted upon the Black female body, "Cops and Robbers" fashions women as mere accessories. Reference to the brutality is ornamental detail used to startle, shock and jar the audience. With no mention of the trauma that accompanies such abuse it's clear that the play's misogynoir had purely instrumental value.
—Mysia Anderson, "'Cops and Robbers'," The Stanford Daily, November 12, 2014

Recalling the social media whirlpool of anguish after Michelle Obama's jubilant, self-affirming speech of black womanhood at BET's Black Girls Rock event last month — cries of reverse racism and even a #metoo hashtag that proclaimed #whitegirlsrock — it's obvious that America is past-due for getting over its centuries of misogynoir.
—Sierra Mannie, "Harriet Tubman On the $20 Bill Is Chump Change," Time, May 13, 2015

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/politic.htm


small data

(名詞) 個人或小公司所產生的資料。

註:既然有 small data,當然也有 big data !後者意為「需要特殊技術來儲存、搜尋和分析的大量資料」。

引句:
Small data is something else again. Think of all the digital tidbits consumers leave in their paths as they go through the day. Credit card payments, location fixes, newsletter signups, Facebook likes, tweets and Web searches. As Deborah Estrin stated at TEDMED 2013, "Small data are derived from our individual digital traces. We generate these data because most of us mediate or at least accompany our lives with mobile technologies. As a result, we all leave a 'trail of breadcrumbs ' behind us with our digital service providers, which together create our digital traces."
—Eric Lundquist, "'Small Data' Analysis the Next Big Thing, Advocates Assert," eWeek, September 10, 2013

Throughout the two days I found myself constantly presented with new ideas — of course, many of these were not new at all, just new for me to think about. So when Richard Nash talked about "small data" (metadata about you: your cookies, your web search history, your Amazon clicks, and so on), I knew it was an old topic, but he brought new life to it in a way that made me suddenly start to care.
—David Blatner, "A Report from Books in Browsers 2014, Part 2," CreativePro, November 17, 2014

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http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/comp_cont3.htm

cuffing season

(名詞) 晚秋初冬的季節 - 在此季節,單身人士紛紛尋求異性關係、希望一起共享體溫來度過未來數個月的嚴寒長夜。亦寫成 cuffin season
cuff (動詞):單身人士在晚秋初冬的季節尋求異性關係。
cuffer (名詞):在晚秋初冬的季節尋求異性關係的單身人士。

引句:
Every year at the beginning of autumn, a phenomenon known as "cuffing season" begins. When the cold weather and prolonged indoor activity of the fall and winter months are around the corner, many single people are inspired to "cuff" a new partner.
—Nikki Lynette, "All breakups are bad breakups," Chicago Redeye, August 27, 2013

It's that time of year. Not for turkey and stocking stuffers, but for giving and getting some good lovin'.

We've entered cuffing season.

Like many trends starting in hip-hop and black culture, the term cuffing season has become the latest not-so-new phenomenon to hit the mainstream.
—Sofiya Ballin, "Cuffing season, for serious coupling," Philadelphia Inquirer, November 12, 2014

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http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/song.htm

solutionism

(名詞) 解決主義:認為每個問題都有解決辦法 (尤指運用科技的解決辦法) 的信念。
solutionist (名詞):解決主義者。

引句:
I've been occasionally skeptical of technological solutionism for development issues, but it's refreshing when the solutions are actually low-tech things that are relatively easy to obtain (and maintain) in those countries. And it's even better when they actually work.
—Olga Khazan, "Giving Kids Bikes Can Reduce Drop-Out Rates," The Atlantic, August 29, 2013

As Silicon Valley keeps corrupting our language with its endless glorification of disruption and efficiency — concepts at odds with the vocabulary of democracy — our ability to question the "how" of politics is weakened. Silicon Valley's default answer to the how of politics is what I call solutionism: problems are to be dealt with via apps, sensors, and feedback loops — all provided by startups.
—Evgeny Morozov, "The rise of data and the death of politics," The Observer, July 20, 2014

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http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/misc_cont3.htm

distraction addict

(名詞) 容易分心且經常分心而忘了手邊工作的人。亦寫成 distraction-addict
distraction addiction (名詞):容易分心;經常分心。

引句:
Over the past few weeks I've been trying to let myself be bored, and to note the type. A confirmed distraction addict, I often found it torturous, but at times surprisingly rewarding.
—Kate Bussmann, "Is boredom good for you?," The Telegraph, June 1, 2014

There is definitely a correlation between my digital activity and my stress and anxiety levels. And I do more than ever to keep the latter in check: massages, reflexology, yoga, acupuncture, exec coaching — oh, and lots of wine and off-loading to friends. One thing I haven't yet tried is a digital detox. But the truth is: I am addicted. I find myself craving distraction. I'm a distraction addict and digital is my drug.
—Amanda Davie, "Is our digital behaviour causing bad behaviour?," The Drum, March 13, 2015

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/med.htm

divorce doula

(名詞) 離婚陪伴員:對正在經歷離婚煎熬的客戶給予法律和財務上的指點以及情感上的支持。

引句:
When I told friends and family that we were separating, many were quick to judge, criticize and offer incredibly unhelpful advice ("Why don't you wait 10 years until the kids are grown?") Sigh. Needless to say, I could have used a divorce doula during those early days when I wasn't quite sure what I was doing.
—Pamela L. Smith, "The 5 Most Important Things I've Learned Since My Divorce," The Huntington Post, April 3, 2015

Enter the divorce doula — or coach, or consultant — a new breed of divorce support worker in the business of helping individuals navigate the messy job of ending a marriage.
—Rebecca Cuneo Keenan, "A divorce coach could offer a calming perspective," The Globe and Mail, June 11, 2015

本文亦刊載在下列網址:
http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/song.htm

antilibrary

(名詞) 一個人的未讀書籍的收藏。亦寫成 anti-library

引句:
Never too many unread books for my #AntiLibrary. #RetailTherapy #Procrastination — at Barnes & Noble 86th Street…
—Sean Cusack, "Never too many…," Twitter, May 12, 2014

I like the concept of the antilibrary, mostly because it justifies my habit of incessantly acquiring new books while lacking the time to read them all. There's something very comforting about owning stacks of books — particularly non-fiction — and having them immediately on hand, should you want to know something about (say) Hitler, inequality, cats or economics.
—Hazel Phillips, "The Importance of the Antilibrary — Converting Unknown Unknowns Into Known Unknowns," Baldwin Boyle Group, January 12, 2015

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http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/edu.htm

return trip effect

(名詞) 回程效應:認為回程所花的時間比最初的行程短的錯覺 (即使去程和回程的距離及所花的時間完全一樣)。

引句:
What causes this so-called "return trip effect"? You might guess that it has something to do with knowing the route — on the way back, you see landmarks that help you better gauge when you're close to your destination. Well, you'd be wrong! According to this study, the return trip effect (which makes the return trip seem 17-22% shorter on average!) is seen even when people take different routes on the outward and return trips.
—"Flashback Friday: Why the return trip always seems shorter," Discover, July 4, 2014

In past years, researchers have suggested that it has to do with the way our bodies experience and measure time as it passes, or the way we remember the trips we take after the fact, or perhaps a bit of both. On Wednesday, a team in Japan released a new report in the journal PLOS ONE detailing the latest effort to solve the mystery. This group's take? That the return trip effect is created by travelers' memories of their journeys — and those memories alone.
—Eryn Brown, "The trip back home often seems to go by faster — but why?," Los Angeles Times, June 10, 2015

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http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/misc_cont3.htm

gastrophysics

(名詞) 美食物理學,烹飪物理學:將物理理論和實驗方法應用於食物、烹飪和飲食的學問。亦寫成 gastro-physics。這個字是由 gastronomy (美食學,烹飪法) 和 physics (物理學) 拼綴而成。
gastrophysicist (名詞):美食物理學家,烹飪物理學家。

引句:
Until recently, McGee said, scientific focus on cooking was always on safety, hygiene, and industrial manufacturing (such as how to can clams so they don't spoil).

Today, the study of gastrophysics draws from psychology, culture, food structuring, and quantum chemistry, among other disciplines.
—Valerie Vande Panne, "Forks, knives, beakers," Harvard Gazette, September 10, 2013

Spence and his peers have, through a line of scientific inquiry that is informally referred to as gastrophysics, studied in minute detail how we experience food and drink. Who we eat with; how food is arranged and described; the colour, texture and weight of plates and cutlery; background noise — all these things affect taste.
—Amy Fleming, "Charles Spence: The food scientist changing the way we eat," The Guardian (London), September 24, 2014

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http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/edu.htm

preimburse

(動詞) 預付 (尤指為支付未來的費用而預先付款)。亦寫成 pre-imburse。這個字是由 pre- + imburse 拼綴而成 (cf. reimburse)。

引句:
Obviously I'd reimburse (or preimburse) you for the cost of the poster that comes with it, plus tip.
—Foal Papers, "Obviously I'd…," Twitter, June 7, 2014

I'm pretty sure that the Fair Tax proposal includes monthly pre-bates that would pre-imburse lower income people for the sales tax they would pay on necessities like food and housing.
—David Lima, "Bill Gates' Solution To Income Inequality" (reply), WeAreSC, October 31, 2014

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http://htmfiles.englishhome.org/main/comeco_cont3.htm